African States campaign for protection of African civilians against the civil wars on their territories:

Displaced South Sudanese women walk towards the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) base in Malakal on January 13, 2014. PHOTO | FILE | AFP
Displaced South Sudanese women walk towards the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) base in Malakal on January 13, 2014

. PHOTO | FILE | AFP

By ROBERT MBARAGA


Posted  Sunday, November 20   2016

Rwanda, the Netherlands and the United States have combined forces to push for a robust mandate for UN peacekeepers to protect civilians in conflict zones.

This emerged at the training of 36 officers from the military, police and the civil service of 14 troop-contributing countries in Rwanda.

The course is expected to equip them with skills to protect civilians during peacekeeping missions.

The UN peacekeeping guidelines binds contingents in the field to wait for the green light from their respective governments before they can act, which has been blamed for slow response during crises.

Frédérique de Man, Netherlands ambassador to Rwanda, said commanding officers on the ground come under undue pressure when they have to take decisions to protect civilians in a war zone without clear guidance or with contradicting orders from the mission and the national headquarters.

This contradiction often results from caveats issued by troop-contributing states, directing their soldiers not to engage in combats.

“What we have seen through the years is that often, there are discrepancies between the mandate and what the troops can do,” Ms de Man said.

To address the discrepancies, signatories of the agreement dubbed “the Kigali Principles” will continue to push for enforcement by the United Nations.

“The US is urging the United Nations to attach considerable weight to a country’s commitment to implement the Kigali Principle when contributing units for peacekeeping operations, particularly those missions that are operating in environments with a civilians’ protection mandate,” said Matthew Roth, deputy chief of mission, US embassy in Rwanda said at the opening of the course.

Thirty-seven countries have signed the Kigali Principles, which Mr Roth was a milestone only one year after the principles were adopted.

“I think the fact that, in less than five months, another seven nations will have signed the, principles, which shows that we are moving in the right direction for the protection of civilians around the world” Mr Roth said.

Countries that have signed include Ethiopia, Bangladesh, Rwanda the US and France.

“The aim of this course is to develop understanding of the inadequacy of theories, policies and other legal instruments for the protection of civilians when they are confronted with the realities in peacekeeping missions and how to bridge the gap using the Kigali Principles as supplements to the current UN guidelines,” said Brig Gen Chris Murari, officer in charge of operations and training in the Rwanda Defence Forces.

Rwandan Minister for Justice Johnston Busingye urged participants to adapt to the “contemporary environment of peacekeeping” and “emerging threats,” and act in the best interests of civilians.

The primary responsibility is put on commanders of the peacekeeping troops on site, whom the Kigali Principles want given power to make decisions. Participants of the course are drawn from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya Malawi, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tanzania Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, The Netherlands and USA.

What is a war crime? How are suspects tried?

By AFP

Added 28th September 2016


Article 8 of the Rome Statute sets out more than 50 examples which could be considered a war crime.


Syrian rescuers hold the body of a girl after pulling it from rubble of a building following government forces air strikes in Aleppo. AFP Photo


As Aleppo reels from air strikes, UN chief Ban Ki-moon has warned the use of bunker bombs and other advanced munitions against Syria civilians may constitute a war crime.

Here are five facts about war crimes, and the long, arduous legal process to bring perpetrators to justice.

Definition of a war crime

Violations of the Geneva Conventions adopted in 1949 following World War II are commonly called "war crimes".

In broad terms, the conventions cover protection of civilians, treatment of prisoners and care for the wounded.

They form the basis of the 1998 Rome Statute, the founding treaty of the world's only permanent court for prosecuting war crimes -- the International Criminal Court (ICC).

Article 8 of the Rome Statute sets out more than 50 examples which could be considered a war crime.

They include wilful killing, torture, taking of hostages, unlawful deportations, intentionally directing attacks against civilians not taking part in hostilities, and deliberately attacking aid and peacekeeping missions.

Using poisonous gases, internationally-banned weapons which cause "superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering or which are inherently indiscriminate" -- such as cluster bombs or incendiary weapons -- or bullets "which expand and flatten easily in the human body" are also considered a war crime.

Legal history

International treaties on the laws of war first began being formulated in the mid-1800s. But most such as The Hague Conventions, adopted in 1899 and in 1907, dealt mainly with the treatment of combatants not civilians.

The first high-profile war crimes trials of the modern era were held in Nuremberg and Tokyo in tribunals set up by the Allies to try German and Japanese leaders.

In May 1993, at the height of the Balkans wars, the United Nations established the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) based in The Hague.

Since its inception, the ICTY has indicted 161 people, of whom 83 have been sentenced, including former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic.

Following the genocide in Rwanda, the UN then set up the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in 1994 in Arusha to prosecute those behind the killings of at least 800,000 people.

Both courts highlighted the need for a permanent war crimes tribunal, which gave rise to the ICC.

Prosecutions at the ICC

The ICC began work in The Hague in 2003, a year after its statute came into force. To date, 124 countries have signed up to the statute, including 34 from Africa -- the biggest regional group -- and 28 from Latin America and the Caribbean.

A country that has signed up to the treaty or whose citizens have been the victims of crimes may refer cases to the ICC's chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, for investigation.

Cases may also be referred by the United Nations Security Council or the prosecutor can initiate her own investigations with permission from the judges providing member states are involved, or a non-member state can agree to accept the court's jurisdiction.

Any group or individual can report alleged crimes, but it is up to prosecutor to first see whether they fall under her jurisdiction.

So far 23 cases have been brought before the court, and four verdicts -- three guilty, one acquittal -- have been issued.

They include former Congolese militia leader Jean-Pierre Bemba sentenced to 18 years in jail on three counts of war crimes and two charges of crimes against humanity.

Preliminary inquiries or full investigations are also ongoing into situations in 19 countries or territories, with charges yet to be brought.

The situation with Syria

Syria is not a signatory to the ICC. Nor are the other major players in the complex conflict -- Russia, the United States, Iran and Saudi Arabia.

As a result, the prosecutor would need a UN mandate to investigate any alleged crimes committed by the government or the rebels in the five-year war in the country -- including the use of chemical weapons.

Attempts to refer Syria to the ICC were vetoed at the UN Security Council in 2014 by Russia and China, to the dismay of human rights groups.

Will alleged war crimes in Syria ever be tried?

While the war continues, it is unlikely any prosecutions can be brought before the ICC.

Experts believe accountability will have to be tackled in any eventual peace process. Many argue the best scenario would be some kind of hybrid court based in Syria, but perhaps staffed by a mixture of local and international judges.

The North Sudan issues flood warning as the famous African River Nile rises its African ancient banks






The Blue Nile, in Ethiopia.


FILE PHOTO BY CLIFFORD GIKUNDA

Posted: 12th August 2016


Sudanese authorities on

Wednesday warned people living near the banks of the Nile to be wary of flooding, after two weeks of heavy rainfall killed dozens across the country.

Authorities said water levels were rising on the Blue Nile along the border with Ethiopia after continuous rainfall in that country.

The Blue Nile flows to Khartoum where it meets the White Nile and they become the Nile, which flows into Egypt.

"The Blue Nile is rising because of continuous heavy rainfall in Ethiopia," Mohameddin Abu al-Qasim of the interior ministry told AFP.

"We warn residents living on both sides of the Nile to be cautious."

The water levels were rising particularly rapidly in the state of Blue Nile bordering Ethiopia, the official news agency SUNA reported.

At least 76 people have been killed due to flooding elsewhere in Sudan, Interior Minister Ismat Abdul-Rahman said last week.

The United Nations aid agencies had warned of flooding in Sudan between July and November this year.

The most affected states are Kassala, Sennar, South Kordofan, West Kordofan and North Darfur, said the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, or OCHA.

"Heavy rain and flooding since early June have affected over 122,000 people and destroyed over 13,000 houses in many parts of Sudan," it said in a statement released on Wednesday.

A downpour in August 2013 was the worst to hit Khartoum in 25 years, affecting tens of thousands of people, the UN said.

Those floods had killed about 50 people nationwide, most of them in the capital.

The bitter truth of history of the African tribe of the Bakiga in trying to fight British colonialism:




The Former Life President,

Idi Amin of Uganda

By Faustin Mugabe

Posted:Saturday, February 1st   2016

When the Bakiga lobbied for Gen Idi Amin to be crowned life president and also be given the highest military title of Field Marshal, not many Ugandans had heard of the Akaryeija kararuga Kabale adage.

Ancient Bahororo had coined the saying Akaryeija kararuga Kabale (the surprise/trouble would emerge from Kabale).

The Bahororo lived in former Mpororo kingdom, north of present-day Kabale District. The kingdom was dissolved in 1902 by British colonialists in order to let the Bashambo upper class of the kingdom live with the Bairu-Bahororo in harmony.

But even after that, a rift between the Bashambo-Bahororo (the rulers) and Bairu-Bahororo (the subjects) continued to exist. The rift had existed since the establishment of the kingdom around 1840’s. Nonetheless, the two lived together.

Bakiga crown Amin life president

When the “Kigezi proposal” to crown Amin life president of Uganda and also be promoted Field Marshal became a reality, the Bahororo’s proverb Akaryeija kararuga Kabale had manifested once more.

On January 24, 1973, residents of Kamwezi Sub-county in Kabale District, Kigezi sub-region, made history.

Although it is not recorded who among the 3,000 who gathered at Kamwezi Sub-county headquarters proposed that Amin be made life president and promoted from four-star General to Field Marshal, what is well documented is that the gathering was chaired by Mr Karegyesa, the Kamwezi Sub-county chief.

The Kigezi proposal was later sold to the Eishengyero Rya Ankole (Ankole District Council).

After the September 1972 invasion by rebels from Tanzania through Mutukula and Isingiro in southern Uganda, no local leader wanted to be labelled a rebel associate.

Besides, at the time many believed in Amin’s leadership and wanted to be so close to the establishment.

Perhaps, the reason to crown Amin life president was to appease him after he visited Kigezi District and warned of severe consequences if anyone was caught supporting the guerrillas who were, according to the intelligence, operating in the area because of its proximity to Tanzania, the country sheltering them.

And to prove that they supported the government, it is believed, they wanted Amin to be crowned life president.

In late January 1973, a second meeting of chiefs and elders from the two districts was held at Kamukuzi, Mbarara District headquarters in the presence of Lt Col Ali, the commanding officer of Simba Battalion in Mbarara District.

The meeting had been hosted to review the security situation in both districts following the recruitment of guerrillas, particularly in Kigezi sub-region at the time.

On January 31, 1973, the Voice of Uganda newspaper carried a lead story: “Make him life president call.”

It had a sub title: “Ankole, Kigezi people make historic proposal on Gen Amin’s leadership and urge all Ugandans to support.”

The story in part read: “The Defence Council has been urged by the people of Kigezi and Ankole to consider very seriously the proposal of making General Idi Amin Uganda’s life president and they have also appealed to all Ugandans to support the proposal.”

At the Kamukuzi meeting, nine reasons were forwarded for why Amin should be made life president. They included:

1. Abolishing of political parties which had divided Ugandans

2. Abolishing of the General Service Unit and Kondoism (thuggery)

3. Expulsion of Indians

4. Expulsion of Israelis

5. Expulsion of the British

6. Abolishing of mini-skirts and dresses

7. Uniting religions in Uganda

8. Bringing back the body of former Kabaka Sir Edward Muteesa II

9. Handing over of the economy to Ugandans.

It would seem the Defence Council took the Kamwezi proposal to Amin and he liked it.

In late 1974, Amin accepted the life president title to be bestowed on him by the Defence Council. And on July 15, 1975, at a function hosted at State House Entebbe, Amin was promoted to Field Marshal. The Defence Council gave eight reasons for promoting him to that rank.

Bahororo saying

The Bahororo could have invented the Akaryeija kararuga Kabale saying because they had witnessed unusual happenings in and around Kabale area, or State as ancient tribes often referred to each other.

For instance, in September 1909, there had emerged the notorious Nyabingyi Movement, a religious/ militant cult led by a priestess, Nyiragahumuza, who claimed to be fighting colonialists.

The movement went on, though in different phases, until September 1945 when Nyiragahumuza died.

She died in a prison at Kakeka, Mengo, near Kampala, according to available records. Since never before had the Bakiga and Bahororo heard of a woman commanding a war, the saying akaryeija kararuga Kabale was thus brought to life.

Kabale public executions

February 27, 1918: The public execution of two former Nyabingyi fighters, Baguma and Bagorogoza, at what is now Kabale stadium proved the Bahororo’s prediction.

The duo was executed by the guillotine after British colonialist and Kigezi District Commissioner J. H. G. McDougall found the two guilty of participating in the infamous Nyakishenyi battle of August 27, 1917 in which a British camp was destroyed and several people killed.

February 10, 1973: On that day, Kabale residents witnessed the second public execution. Joseph Bitwari, James Karambuzi and David K. Tusingwire, part of the Yoweri Museveni-led Fronasa group, were executed at Kabale stadium by firing squad conducted by the Uganda Army .


Really Uganda was not a colony of Europe. It was a Protecto

rate of Europe. One reckon freedom fighters in the Protecto

rate of Uganda after Indepen

dence are called liberators from African tyranny.

RAT

 (Resist African Tyranny)

 


President Museveni at the unveilling of the Rugando monument in Mbarara district in 2012. The monument was erected in memory of the victims of the 1979 anti-Amin struggle


President Yoweri Museveni will unveil a monument in memory of the victims of the National Resistance Army (NRA) struggle at Dwaniro subcounty headquarters in the central district of Kiboga on Heroes' Day next week.


According to government spokesperson Ofwono Opondo, the unveiling of the monument will precede the day’s main celebrations at Katwe PS grounds in the same district. Opondo said Dwaniro had been selected because it was the epicenter of the liberation war that steered the ruling NRM government into power.


Heroes’ Day(NRM) is celebrated every June 9 in memory of citizens who have contributed to the nation building. However, the public holiday’s national celebration ceremonies have been criticized by the opposition, with the choice of heroes raising eyebrows and the event’s pomp often described as wastage of tax payers’ money.

skamugisha@

observer.ug


An old war bomb has killed two in Nakaseke, in the historical Luwero war zone:

Mr Abdul Kasakya, a survivor of the blast, at Nakaseke Hospital.

 

PHOTO by Dan

Wandera. 

Article by:
By Dan Wandera


Posted  Tuesday, March 10  2015

 

Nakaseke, Buganda State, Uganda.

Police in Nakaseke District have confirmed two people killed and one injured when an object suspected to be abandoned war material exploded at Kamusenene village in Ngoma Subcounty at the weekend.

Police have identified the deceased as Dan Ssemakadde, a resident of Kiwoko village Wakyato Sub-county and Simeo Mukwaya Kabaya, a resident of Kiwoko Town in Nakaseke. The injured currently admitted to Nakaseke Hospital, has been identified as Abdul Kasakya, a resident of Kayunga District. 

“We suspect that the explosive could be an abandoned war material which exploded after the victims tampered with it as they went on with their charcoal burning process. Simeo Mukwaya died on spot while Dan Ssemakadde died at Nakaseke Hospital shortly after admission,” Mr Lameck Kigozi, the Police Spokesperson Savanah Region, told Daily Monitor.

According to Kasakya, they did not notice they had any metal as they carried logs in preparation for charcoal burning at Kamusenene village.

“Saturday morning was very normal as we carried logs in preparation for charcoal burning. I did not see any suspicious material in form of a metal around us but there was something which looked like a stone. I heard a loud burst and a cloud of dust. I did not know that i had been injured but tried to look for my two friends whom I could not locate at that particular time. I only came to my senses when we were being lifted up by residents and police,” Kasakya said.

Mr Kigozi said police are waiting for ballistic experts from UPDF to help police identify the type of explosive.

editorial@ug.

nationmedia.com



A British Navy rescues African and Arabic refugees in the Med Sea.

 
 
A Royal Marine from HMS Bulwark watches over refugees on a Royal Navy Landing Craft in the Mediterranean (Ministry of Defence)

The Royal Navy's flagship has rescued a more than 100 refugees adrift in the Mediterranean - its first mission since being deployed in the region.

HMS Bulwark was despatched to the Mediterranean on Monday as part of David Cameron's promise to help tackle the migrant crisis, which has cost the lives of nearly 1,800 people this year.

The 19,000-tonne assault ship picked up 110 migrants today after inspecting a suspicious rubber boat. With the help of the Italian coastguard, the migrants were taken to land.

A Ministry of Defence spokesman said last night: "HMS Bulwark, working with the Italian coastguard, today investigated a large rubber boat with approximately 110 individuals on board.

"The individuals were rescued using Bulwark's landing craft before being transferred on to the Italian coastguard's vessel and taken to land. Everyone was transferred safely and HMS Bulwark remains on task."

The Prime Minister pledged the ship on April 23 ahead of an emergency EU summit to discuss how European countries could cooperate to prevent the deaths of thousands this summer.

Speaking outside the Brussels meeting, Mr Cameron said: "Saving lives means rescuing these poor people, but it also means smashing the gangs and stabilising the region.

"Now Britain, as ever, will help. We'll use our aid budget to help stabilise neighbouring countries. And as the country in Europe with the biggest defence budget, we can make a real contribution."

Mr Cameron also pledged three Merlin helicopters to the rescue effort.

HMS Bulwark, a landing platform dock, is designed to put ashore Royal Marine commandos in assaults by sea, by boats launched from the dock compartment, and from two helicopters from the deck.

It has a nautical range of 8,000 miles and can carry up to 700 troops on top of a crew of 325.

The MoD said earlier that the Prime Minister had made clear to the European Council that Britain would play a role in tackling the current crisis in the Mediterranean, but would not offer refugees asylum in the UK.

Nb

Great Britain used to rule the global waves. Many of these refugees are from the political confusion Great Britain caused in their countries as it consolidated its abruptly ended recent British Empire. These refugees therefore should be given a UN mandate to be resettled back to their lands with all the protection against political and military neo-colonialism that is causing so much disorder and social  chaos in this world order.


The United Kingdom Government is attempting to keep details of a  secret security agreement  with Saudi Arabia, hidden from the British people:

© Reuters/PA Wire Theresa May and Prince Khalid bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz

The British Government signed a secret security pact with Saudi Arabia and is now attempting to prevent details of the deal from being made public.

The Home Secretary Theresa May agreed to the so-called ‘memorandum of understanding’ with her Saudi counter-part Crown Prince Muhammad bin Nayef during a visit to the Kingdom last year.

The Home Office released no details of her trip at the time or announced that the deal had been signed. The only public acknowledgement was a year later in a Foreign Office report which obliquely referenced an agreement to “modernise the Ministry of the Interior”.

But now following a Freedom of Information request from the Liberal Democrats, who were in Government at the time, it has emerged that the agreement is far wider than has been acknowledged.

In its grounds for refusing to publish details of the memorandum the Home Office has admitted it “contains information relating to the UK’s security co-operation with Saudi Arabia”.

Releasing the document it says “would damage the UK’s bilateral relationship” with the Kingdom and potentially damage Britain’s national security.

The Home Secretary Theresa May agreed to the so-called ‘memorandum of understanding’ with her Saudi counter-part Crown Prince Muhammad bin Nayef

Human rights groups have expressed alarm at the secretive nature of the deal with a regime which has been condemned for its human rights record.

In February the Kingdom adopted a new anti-terrorism law that defines terrorism as words or actions deemed by the authorities to be directly or indirectly “disturbing” to public order or “destabilizing the security of society.

In March, a series of decrees promulgated by the Interior Ministry extended Saudi Arabia’s extended the definition of further to include “calling for atheist thought” and “contacting any groups or individuals opposed to the Kingdom”, as well as “seeking to disrupt national unity” by calling for protests.

The Ministry of the Interior is also responsible for carrying out executions such as the threatened beheading of Ali Mohammed Baqir al-Nimr for taking part in anti-government protests and allegedly attacking security forces when he was 17. Mr Ali al-Nimr supporters claim he was tortured while in detention.


© Provided by The Independent Prince Khalid bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz welcomes British Prime Minister David Cameron (L) as he arrives in Jeddah on November 6, 2012 (Picture: [copyright])


Both Liberal Democrats and Labour have called for Mrs May to provide details of the deal to Parliament and expressed concern that such an agreement should be done behind closed doors without any public scrutiny.

“Deals with nations like Saudi Arabia should not be done in secret,” said the Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron.

“Parliament should be able to hold ministers to account. It is time to shine a light onto the shady corners of our relationship with Saudi Arabia.”

“It is time we stood up for civil liberties, human rights and not turn a blind eye because the House of Saud are our ‘allies’”.

The emergence of the agreement comes after the Justice Secretary Michael Gove announced he was cancelling a £5.9 million contract to provide a training programme for prisons in the Saudi Arabia.

The contract had attracted widespread criticism but when the cancellation was announced it led to a diplomatic row with the Saudi leadership who threatened to withdraw Saudi ambassador in London pending a review of relations with the UK.

In an attempt to placate the Saudis, David Cameron sent a personal message to King Salman bin Abdul Aziz bin Saud, while the Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond was dispatched to Riyadh to rebuild bridges.

Labour’s Shadow Foreign Secretary Hilary Benn said that while Saudi Arabia had undoubtedly provided assistance to Britain in dealing with threats in recent years it had also clamped down on fundamental freedoms, such as free speech.

“Any assistance to their interior ministry needs to be in line with our commitment to human rights worldwide,” he said.

“Given the UK Government's recent decision to pull out of a deal with the Saudi Ministry of Justice on prisons, it is imperative that the FCO and the Home Office provide details on what this MOU with the Saudis involves so Parliament and the public can be assured that it is compliant with our treaty obligations and British values. Ministers should not hide behind the cloak of national security and should instead be open about the nature of this arrangement.

Amnesty International UK Director Kate Allen described the memorandum as a “murky deal”.

“We’d like to know what efforts are being made by UK officials to challenge and prevent abuses in Saudi Arabia’s highly abusive justice system?” she said.

“This murky MoU deal was set up shortly after the Saudi Interior Ministry was granted draconian new powers to hold and interrogate terrorism suspects without a lawyer for 90 days. Have Theresa May’s officials ever asked their counterparts to scale back on these excessive powers?

“The UK already has a track record of selling vast quantities of arms to Saudi Arabia while remaining markedly reluctant to publicly criticise Riyadh for its atrocious human rights record.

“With people like the blogger Raif Badawi still languishing in jail and the teenage protester Ali al-Nimr still facing a possible execution, secret deals between the UK and Saudi leave a very bad taste.”

A Home Office spokesman said they could not comment on the memorandum.


An African School in Tanzania built by the President of Uganda, Mr Yoweri Museveni 

The village of Muhutwe in Kagera region has a special relationship with Uganda's president, Yoweri Museveni. During his years in exile from Uganda he spent some time at Muhutwe, in the western Tanzania region of Kagera.

The house where President Museveni lived in the village of Muhutwe.

He reportedly lived in the house, pictured above, where he rented a small room. My guide during the trip to Muhutwe told me the room was packed with books. The landlord did not know who Museveni was until Museveni returned to the village of Muhutwe as president of Uganda and visited his former residence.

Nyarigamba Secondary School.


President Museveni not only decided to build a house for his former landlord, but even decided that two secondary schools should be built in Muleba district: one at Muhutwe, and another one at Kamachumu.

Nyarigamba Secondary School.
Nyarigamba Secondary School.
Nyarigamba Secondary School.

The decision was not received with approval by some Ugandans who complained that President Museveni should have spent that money in Uganda.


According the the Ugandan High Commissioner to Tanzania, Ibrahim Mukiibi, the schools were built as a gesture of friendship from Ugandans to Tanzania for the good job that the Tanzanian army had done in the war that toppled the former ruler, Idi Amin in 1979.

Mr Crispy Kaheru

Uganda is currently undergoing a serious political crisis triggered by the continued contestation of the February 18, 2016 presidential election results by a section of the political actors that participated in that election.

The government, Electoral Commission and the NRM party are contented with the way the election was conducted. On the other hand, the opposition, civil society organisations as well as local and international observers remain dissatisfied with the way the election was managed.

Election observation outfits (with the exception of the African Union and the East African Community [maybe]) have described the conduct of the election as having been inconsistent with the country’s obligation under Article 25 of the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) to hold genuine elections that guarantee the free expression of the will of the voters.

The results of the last presidential election as announced by the Electoral Commission and the decision of the Supreme court have not brought an end to the country’s political contestations; neither have they conferred legitimacy on the outcome of the election in the minds of a significant section of the Ugandan society.

However, this was not entirely new. Ugandans have consistently faced the same political and electoral challenges after each election – especially since 2001.

It is actually regrettable that over the years, similar political and electoral crises have been glossed over, only for the same crises to reoccur on higher scales.

As of today, the events taking place in the country, including the arrests of key opposition figures, incidents of police brutality on ordinary citizens, the ban on the media live coverage of opposition activities and the restrictions imposed on social media, are only representative of a deteriorating political and security situation in the country.

We must appreciate that the current crisis, though electoral in nature, it is deeply rooted in broader political and governance challenges. If not comprehensively addressed, the current political crisis could further lead to a severe fracture in the social fabric of the Ugandan state and thus exacerbate the polarization and possible paralysis of the political and socio-economic system in Uganda.

The existing political stalemate presents Uganda with an opportunity not only to address the historical and political causes of this very prevailing situation, but also with a remarkable chance to discuss and, through a national dialogue and consensus, pave a new political and electoral path for Uganda.

Up until now, a number of stakeholders have recognized the need, and are calling for a people-to-people national conversation as a platform to tackle the escalating tension in the country. This national conversation is, indeed, critical if the country is to move forward.

It is incumbent upon all political actors to ensure that every effort to address the prevailing political challenges in Uganda is through peaceful means. At this moment in time, stakeholders in the electoral process and the citizenry ought to urgently activate a national peace architecture.

This peace infrastructure should rely on existing capacity within our society. Institutions such as the elders’ forum, Inter Religious Council of Uganda (IRCU), the Women Situation Room (WSR), the National Consultative Forum (NCF) and the Inter-Party Organisation for Dialogue (IPOD) should lead processes around an inclusive dialogue – with the aim of addressing the root causes of the current political and electoral crisis.

In countries such as Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Kenya, etc, the role of the international community in internal dialogue processes has been substantive.

Most of the dialogue processes have taken place under the auspices of the international community and regional structures/institutions. Their support in capacity building and expert assistance cannot be underestimated – and, therefore, must be sought.

What the current situation has exposed is the necessity to develop a long-term perspective on sustainable political dialogue for Uganda – either under the auspices of state institutions, or as extraordinary measures.


The author is the coordinator, Citizens’ Coalition for Electoral Democracy in Uganda (CCEDU).

Nb

Indeed back to square one of the Ugandan historic times of the 1960s when about 15 tribal states created what now is an Anglophile Uganda state. M7 does not want to hear all that. He calls it  all political chaos that he alone came to mend.

EKITIBWA KYA BUGANDA

 

CHORUS:

 

TWESIIMYE NNYO, TWESIMYE NNYO

OLWA BUGANDA YAFFE

EKITIIBWA KYA BUGANDA KYAAVA DDA NAFFE TUKIKUUMENGA.

 

1. Okuva edda n’edda eryo lyonna

Lino eggwanga Buganda

Nti lyamanyibwa nnyo eggwanga lyaffe Okwetoloola ensi zonna.

 

2. Abazira ennyo abaatusooka

Baalwana nnyo mu ntalo

Ne balyagala nnyo eggwanga lyaffe

Naffe tulyagalenga.

 

3. Ffe abaana ba leero ka tulwane

Okukuza Buganda

Nga tujjukira nnyo ba jjajja baffe

Abaafirira ensi yaffe.

 

4. Nze naayimba ntya ne sitenda

Ssaabasajja Kabaka

Asaanira afuge Obuganda bwonna

Naffe nga tumwesiga.

 

5. Katonda omulungi ow’ekisa

Otubeere Mukama

Tubundugguleko emikisa gyo era

Bba ffe omukuumenga.

 


OBUKULEMBEZE BW'ENSI BUGANDA

 

Ekitabo kino: OBUKULEMBEZE BWA BUGANDA,

kitandise okutundibwa mu bitundu by'ensi ya Buganda nga kilambika bulungi ekifo kya Buganda  wakati wobufuzi bwa M7 obwa Uganda obwe myaka 30.


Kiwandiikiddwa Olukiiko lw'Abazzukulu b'Abataka b'Obwakabaka bwa Buganda.



Posted: 05 August 2016

 

Tubasaba Mujje mutandike okwerowooleza ebikwatta ku Nsi yamwe Buganda Nokutegeera obuwangwa Bwo Omuganda Era Ofunne okwagala eri Ensi Yo.

 

Abaganda Amazima Agalituwa Eddembe, Nga Tulwaniriira Ensi Yaffe Buganda.

 

Okwesomesa Ebitatusomesebwa.

 

Kikakatako Omuganda Okukola Omulimu Ssemalimu we Mirimu Gyonna Kwe Kulwanirira Ensi Yo Buganda.

 

Ebyo Byonna Ojja Kubiwuliira Ku Rediyo Ababaka, Ku Lwo Mukaga Entekateeka Kyooto Muzaawula Ku Saawa Biri Ne Kitundu Ezekiro eBuganda.

 

Ku Sande Entekateeka Yamwe Engaazi Wooli Nyweera, Era Nayo Etandika Esaawa Biri Ne Kitundu Ezekiro E'Buganda.

 

Tosubwa Kulwaniirira Buyiiza Bwa Nsi Yo Nemirembe.

The Interna-

tional Criminal Court prosecutor, Bensouda rejects MPs’ calls to indict UPDF

By Yasiin Mugerwa

Posted  Sunday, March 1   2015  

 

In the Uganda Parliament.

Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) Fatou Bensouda, on Friday rejected calls by MPs from northern Uganda to indict government officials for alleged war crimes during the counter-insurgency operations against the Lord’s Resistance Army rebels.

Ms Bensouda is in the country to follow up on the impending trial of former LRA commander Dominic Ongwen at ICC in The Hague for war crimes.

Dokolo Woman MP Ms Cecilia Ogwal had asked Ms Bensouda to consider preferring similar charges against the NRM government officials accused of committing atrocities against civilians in the north during the LRA rebellion.

“It’s a complex situation,” Bensouda replied: adding that ICC does not have a provision in its rules to summon government, according to sources who attended the closed door meeting with MPs at Parliament on Friday. 


In asking ICC prosecutor to indict government officials, Ms Ogwal sought to know the action ICC prosecutor would take if it finds the government also committed atrocities during the LRA insurgency.

Sources said the ICC prosecutor however, said the government is “free to request the judge of the ICC to make submissions in cases like that of Ongwen.

“During Ongwen trial, if any witness points a finger to government, the judges can summon government to make submissions towards such allegation [but not as a key suspect in the case.],” Bensouda said.

When contacted on Friday, the Uganda People’s Defence Forces’ spokesman Lt Col Paddy Ankunda said: “MPs are free to make such accusations, they have a right to do that. But if anybody has evidence that UPDF soldiers committed any atrocities in the north, we will cooperate in investigating such cases.”

Ms Bensouda, after a courtesy call to Parliament Speaker Rebecca Kadaga, met selected MPs from Acholi, Lango and Teso, the regions worst ravaged by the LRA rebellion, as part of her wider consultations with the victims, political leaders and religious leaders.


On the question of trying Ongwen as a victim and at the same time a perpetrator, Ms Bensouda said: “The question of whether ICC is going to try Ongwen does not arise since at the time of his capture, he was already an adult. This is why Ongwen was allowed to choose his lawyer and he chose Crispus Ayen Odong (Oyam North MP) to represent him.”

She admitted some African leaders were seeking to quit ICC but said this was in their self defence. However, she said this won’t deter ICC from pursuing cases before the court to stop impunity.

ymugerwa@

ug.nationmedia.com



Uganda

Peoples Defence Forces of the NRM Political party has retired 40 officers in Gulu. 

UPDF

A UPDF officer speaks to soldiers who were retired from the army at the 4th Division Infantry headquarters in Gulu Town yesterday.

Photo by Julius Ocungi


By JULIUS OCUNGI


Posted  Wednesday, April 1  2015

Gulu. UGANDA.


A total of 40 Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) soldiers at the 4th Division Army Barracks in Gulu District were yesterday retired from the army.

The retirement exercise, which took place at the 4th Division Infantry headquarters in Gulu Town, saw soldiers at the ranks of Captain, Lieutenant, Sergeant, Corporals and Private relieved of their duties.

The exercise was the first phase of the approved plans by the UPDF to retire 1,400 soldiers.

Speaking in an interview with Daily Monitor, the division spokesperson, Col Caesar Otim Olweny, said some of the officers who were retired had earlier applied for retirement, others had clocked 50 years while the rest had ill health.

“This is the first batch of officers to be retired at division level in the country, we are proud of the good services these officers provided to the country while serving in the UPDF over these years,” said Col Olweny.

Financial package

He noted that the retired officers will be given financial packages to help them begin a new life.

The 4th Division commander, Brig Muhanga Kayanja, who graced the ceremony, advised the retiring soldiers to desist from indiscipline that might block their chances of being recalled for other special assignments by the army.

“Today, you are being retired into a civilian, but it doesn’t mean we have lost touch with you. You still remain soldiers and in any of special assignments, some of you may be recalled, but only those who have been living good lives at home,” Brigadier Kayanja said.


The conditions of Uganda’s  health system in Karamoja after 30 years of NRM rule?

One of the houses in the medical staff quarters in Moroto.


By FREDERIC MUSISI


Posted  Saturday, April 4  2015 at  01:00

 

Insensitive? As government plans to send at least 263 specialised medical personnel to the Caribbean island of Trinidad and Tobago, what is the health situation back home?

 
 

On a good day at a rural government health facility, when doctors are present and nurses are not shouting, drugs will be out of stock. On a bad one when drugs have been stocked, health attendants will be out of sight.

It was such undoing, typical of majority health centres around the country, that Joyce Ategeka, a resident of Nyawaiga village on the shores of Lake Albert in Buliisa District, was left a widow at 35. Her husband succumbed to acute malaria and diarrhea, leaving her the burden of raising 10 children alone.

A nurse at a health centre III in the neighbouring village, Sebagoro, where the deceased had been admitted four days before his death, revealed that there was a high chance of saving him.

Problem was, there were neither drugs nor a qualified doctor so he could not be helped further. Admitting that the centre has a staff and drug shortage, the best the nurse, who spoke on condition of anonymity, says they all they could do was give him painkillers - Panadol. The doctor at the health centre had been transferred three months earlier.


The health centre in Sebagoro is a 20 by 40-feet container that moonlights for patient examination, emergencies, labour ward, antenatal and clerking, name it. The unit is shared by seven villages, with a daily patient influx of between 30 to 40 and a staff of seven.

Four hundred kilometers South West in Nyakashaka, Burere Sub-county in Buhweju District, the situation is perhaps slightly but not any better.

Regional referral hospitals

At the 14 regional referral hospitals in the country, the status quo is barely better.

According to the ministry’s Annual Health Sector Performance Report for the FY2013/14 issued in October last year, seven out of the 14 regional referral hospitals have a staffing level below the average. These include Moroto (41%), Mubende (55%), Naguru (67%), Kabale (70 %), Soroti (74%) and Hoima (74 %). Having to serve five neighbouring districts of Nakapiripirit, Abim, Kaabong, Moroto and Kotido, Moroto Regional Referral Hospital has had to up its 115 bed capacity by 70, despite its laughable staff numbers.

Patient numbers, however, are quite low except for the maternity ward due to factors ranging from the bad roads, drought, famine, absence of specialised facilities and medical attendants and lack of electricity. With limited access to clean water, the hospital is forced to rely on the hard water available, which frequently breaks down the equipment.

The hospital’s chief medical supretendant, Dr Filbert Nyeko, says they have to refer patients to as far as Soroti to access specialised services.

Nonetheless, health centres continue to face other challenges, including poor working conditions, excessive workloads, low salaries and poor remuneration, obsolete diagnostic equipment, medical workers stealing drugs, and drug shortages.

Yet in the face of all such challenges, government is making plans to send at least 263 specialised medical personnel to the Caribbean Island of Trinidad and Tobago, a deal which officials from both Health and Foreign Affairs ministries, say is intended at “accelerating diplomatic relations” between the two countries.

Uganda is number 149th in rankings of healthcare around the world. Trinidad on the other hand, is in the 67th position and in third position is the Americas after United States and Canada. With a population of 1.3 million people, Trinidad has 12 times as many doctors per capita than Uganda.

According to the shortlist, the personnel set to go include , 15 of the 28 orthopedics Uganda has, four of the six urologists, 15 of of 91 Internal medicine specialists, 15 of 92 paediatrics, four of the 25 ophthalmologists, four of the 11 registered psychiatrists and 20 of the 28 radiologists.

Others include 20 Radiologists, 15 of the 126 gynaecologists in Uganda, four of the 15 pathologists, 15 paediatrics, four Ophthalmologists, 15 general surgeons, among others.

But Dr Asuman Lukwago, the Permanent Secretary in the Health ministry, says the decision to offer Trinidad a helping hand has nothing to do with Uganda’s health sector being afflicted.

“The sector has some human resource challenges, but this is not because of availability on the front line. There are some frontiers where we even have excess and the question that begs is what should we do for such people without work?” he asks.

Dr Lukwago argues that the challenges plaguing the health sector are bigger than the ministry, and a solution, if any, requires multi-pronged approaches.

THE POWER STRUGGLE IN THE RULING POLITICAL PARTY IN UGANDA

Posted on 22nd October, 2014

Museveni, Byanyima discuss regional peace in a rich man's conference in Davos, Switzerland.

Officiating. President Museveni addresses a breakfast meeting on shaping Africa’s Agenda during the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, on Wednesday as Winnie Byanyima looks on. PPU PHOTO 

 

25 January, 2019

 

By Misairi Thembo Kahungu

 

Kampala. President Museveni and the Executive Director of Oxfam International, Ms Winnie Byanyima, have held talks on the need for security and political integration in the East African region.
Ms Byanyima, a known critic of President Museveni’s regime, is wife to key Opposition leader, Dr Kizza Besigye, who has contested for presidency four times against the incumbent and is currently battling treason charges in court.
“Today (Wednesday) I met Uganda President Kaguta Museveni and discussed regional integration; promoting peace and security in East & Horn of Africa. We agreed that ordinary people need economic integration and will increasingly push their leaders to build a common market,” Ms Byanyima tweeted.
Ms Byanyima, a former Member of Parliament for Mbarara Municipality and strong critic of the NRM regime, is also a founding member of the Reform Agenda, the predecessor of Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) party.
The historic meeting between the two rival politicians was held in the snowy Swiss city of Davos during the World Economic Forum summit attended by leaders across the globe. 
Mr Museveni and Ms Byanyima discussed a range of issues mainly on regional integration, security and peace. 
However, Ms Byanyima did not indicate whether she met Mr Museveni at the session on Africa Economic Agenda, which she moderated, or thereafter.
The session discussed integration, human capital, infrastructure and financial matters in Africa. 
It was attended by President Museveni, Rwandan president Paul Kagame, South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa, Egyptian Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly and Tunisian Prime Minister Youssef Chahed.
President Museveni’s twitter handle informed Ugandans of his participation in the session, saying he cautioned other leaders to “avoid a uni-dimension approach in shaping Africa’s future”. He also cited a series of bilateral discussions he held in Davos but was completely silent about his meeting with Ms Byanyima and their discussion on regional peace and integration.

Bilateral talks
President Museveni has openly campaigned for the African Integration in order to have a common market and bargaining power for the continent. 
He is a key advocate for the Federation of East African Community.
Away from the Banyima interaction, Mr Museveni tweeted about his bilateral talks with other world leaders on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum 2019 in Davos. 
He met with the founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum, Prof Klaus Martin Schwab to whom he presented Uganda’s request to host the next forum. 
“We discussed a range of issues, including the global push for the 4th industrial revolution, though I insist that gaps of the 2nd and 3rd revolutions in places like Africa must be plugged for proper development to happen. I also told him Uganda is ready and willing to host the next World Economic Forum on Africa. 
The last forum was held in South Africa. It will be an honour to host a meeting of such significance,” Mr Museveni tweeted.
He also said he had held separate talks with Belgian Prime Minister, Mr Charles Michelthe, and the Executive Director of the World Food Programme, Mr David Beasley. The meeting with WFP boss focused on strengthening cooperation between Uganda and his agency. 
The deputy presidential press secretary, Ms Lindah Nabusayi, yesterday shared photos of Mr Museveni braving the snow to walk to his hotel alongside his daughter Natasha Karugire.

 

 

 

 

 

In Uganda, the President has introduced an African Robin Hood budget for 2018/19 so that he can go to heaven for helping the poor:

By Mary Karugaba

 

Added 7th June 2018

 

Despite the seriousness involved, the President’s speech was littered with humour and rib cracking local proverbs that left many people in the audience with teary eyes.

Museveni111 703x422

First Lady and Minister of Education and Sports, Janet Museveni, President Yoweri Museveni and the Speaker of Parliament Rebecca Kadaga walk to the Kampala Serena Hotel gardens for a reception shortly after the State of the Nation Address on Wednesday 6th June 2018. PPU PHOTO

 

Most of the government officials in the past have been caught on Cameras either dossing or chewing gum.

But now President Yoweri Museveni has learnt the art of keeping them awake especially during his long speeches. The state of the nation was not different.

Despite the seriousness involved, the President’s speech was littered with humour and rib cracking local proverbs that left many people in the audience with teary eyes.

 

After stepping on the podium, the President’s voice did not sound as usual due to flue. He immediately sent for tissue. Realizing that there was silence in the room as he cleaned the nose, he tried to break it and said, “I had a cold but I defeated it.”  Some members of the opposition shouted, “How? When you are still sneezing.” The president said he did not understand what they were saying.

 

The President informed the audience that because of electricity, he has discovered that some people have built factories in swamps.

 

“I see them. It’s better to have factories in the swamps than mayuni (yams). It should not have happened but God is there,” he said.

 

During the ceremony, he wondered why people drive so fast and end up causing accidents. The President caused murmurs in the room when he defended his convoy on speed.

 

“Why over drive? Where are you going?   People wonder why I don’t allow my vehicles to move very fast,” he said as murmurs filled the room. “If you see them over speeding, know am not there because I regard myself useful,” he said as murmurs increased.

 

To as if rest their doubts, he said, “Ok may be when I am late for the head of state that is arriving at Entebbe Airport.”

 

He complained that some Africans reach a point and get tired of life.

 

“Africans behave as if they are tired of life. Everything that comes kills them. Alcohol kills them, women kill them. Everything good kills them. Africans die from good and bad,” he said sending the audience into prolonged laughter.

 

He was also angry that some leaders seek popularity and fail to sensitize their voters on income generating activities.

 

“You sit with them, share straws at Malwa joints that you are a people’s person. You say mubewo (long live). God one day will ask you why your neighbours were poor when you were okay. Better listen to my message because I need my slot in heaven,” he said.

 

He applauded the people in Kiruhura district who have taken his message seriously and got involved in income generating activities.

 

“Because of the transformation, they are no grass thatched houses or Tadoba (hurricane lamps) unless you go to the museum,” he said as the audience laughed.

 

Speaking in the local language, the President said, in some areas, he meets people and greets them. “ Mulimuta (how are you) they say turyaho (we are there). I ask them what are you doing? They say Turyaho (we are there). I ask them where do you get money? They say, do we see it? So what do they do?” the President asked as he threw his arms in the air.

 

The President said they then go and spend time in church expecting miracle wealth. “Some priests then come and smear them with oil. Really? Some Africans.” He said as cameras zoomed on Pastor Joseph Sserwadda in the audience.

 

He informed the audience that some people were trying to rash the financing and building of the Standard Gauge Railways project yet he wants to first scrutinize the several offers.

 

“With such projects am very careful. I have got many offers. Some people are not happy with me because am delaying them. They want me dead but God is there, Lubangake,” he said.

 

On government’s investment in Sports, the President admitted but said the support has mainly been indirectly.

 

“Some people say we have not invested in Sports but these people like Joshua Cheptegei who recently won a gold medal, where would they be if cattle rustling were still there?” he asked.

 

Elaborating government’s challenges with some of the donors, the President cited the recent clash with World Bank for the Kamwenge- Fort portal road. The World Bank cut off funding after an investigation report revealed that the Chinese contractors had impregnated some underage girls.

 

“The Chinese impregnated the girls. World Bank said we are cutting off the funding. Really? You punish 3m people because of these Chinese people?  We decided to fund the road using government money and completed it,” he said.

 

 

 

 

 

The ruling political party (National Resisistance Movement) of Uganda:

The inside story about the recent Central Executive Committee meeting to dismiss the Secretary General.

 

 

        Museveni said he was in possession of files compiled by

                  Mbabazi and wife and secretly stored in the

                      North American Embassy( USA), Kampala.

 

 

To some witnesses, Amama Mbabazi’s ouster as secretary general on October 18 provoked the most intense exchange in the history of the NRM Central Executive Committee (CEC) probably since this committee was officially formed in 2005.

Sitting at Nakasero State Lodge, the day’s agenda was to break Mbabazi and possibly force him to resign immediately as NRM secretary general. Yet unknown to many, Mbabazi and his wife Jacqueline had assembled an arsenal of verbal artillery that would make the ouster harder.

The main actors in Saturday’s meeting, according to our sources, were President Museveni and Jacqueline Mbabazi (head, Women League) with Maj Gen Matayo Kyaligonza (Vice chairman Western) playing the key supporting role for the president and Mbabazi lawyering for his wife.

 

The setting in the conference room was perfect. Museveni sat at the tip of the long boardroom table next to Hajji Moses Kigongo, the NRM first national vice chairman. Mbabazi and Jacqueline sat on opposite sides of the table, almost directly facing each other.

Meeting starts

Museveni called the members to order at 11am and informed them that they wanted to resolve the Mbabazi question by close of the meeting, our sources said.

“We are not leaving this meeting until we find a solution to this issue of secretary general. We spent so much time on Thursday [October 16] going around in circles but today we have to end it here,” Museveni said, alluding to the earlier CEC meeting.

Museveni then motioned an aide who ferried in a number of voluminous files and placed them in front of him.

“I got these from my American friends and they contain all the evidence to show that Mbabazi and Jacqueline have been working against me and the party,” he said as he tapped the files with both hands, our sources said.

Museveni added that the documents before him had been compiled by Mbabazi and wife and kept at the American embassy. He reportedly said his “contacts” at the embassy helped him retrieve the files. He said each of the CEC members would receive a copy of the documents to learn the extent to which Mbabazi and Jacqueline had gone to undermine him.

But Moses Kigongo advised against the distribution of the documents. There were also fears, according to sources, that if the documents were distributed, some of them would end up in the media. Museveni bought into Kigongo’s suggestion and decided, instead, to talk about the contents of some of the documents.

He then brandished a document, reportedly written by Jacqueline and containing names of people the Mbabazis considered political adversaries. These names, our sources said, included Gen Kale Kayihura (police chief), Brig Moses Rwakitarate, and the First Son Muhoozi Kainerugaba. However, before he could reveal any more names, Jacqueline shot up.

“You say we are campaigning against you. Is that a crime? You started campaigning immediately after the 2011 elections. You have been going around the country meeting people. What crime have we committed by campaigning?” she said, as the room fell into deafening silence.

Museveni shot back saying his countrywide tours were part of his national duty, and not a campaign ploy At this point, our sources said, Museveni stopped referring to the files and the meeting took a trend similar to that of October 16.

Self-importance

Kyaligonza jumped into the fray and accused the Mbabazis of having the airs of self-importance. He said he had read with disgust an article in Daily Monitor in which Jacqueline’s father Reverend Geresomu Ruhindi, had accused Museveni of using and dumping Mbabazi.

“Did Ruhindi fight? Does he know what we went through in the bush? You people were busy in Nairobi eating sausages and stealing our money. Should we have sympathy for you? Can I remove my trouser and show you the bullet wounds?”a charged Kyaligonza asked.

Hassan Basajjabalaba (Entrepreneurs’ League) urged caution. He told Kyaligonza that he didn’t need to use harsh language to make his point.

“President Museveni and Mbabazi have known each other for 43 years. In fact Museveni has known Mbabazi longer than he has known you (Kyaligonza). In my view, I think both of these people should sit together and reconcile,” Basajjabalaba said, ticking off an already livid Kyaligonza. The two engaged in a verbal exchange that ended with mineral water bottles being thrown.

The meeting soon split into camps with five of the 24-members siding with the Mbabazis, while Mike Mukula (Eastern), Jim Muhwezi (Veterans), Francis Babu (Kampala), Amelia Kyambadde (Treasurer) and Kasule Lumumba (Chief Whip) joined Kyaligonza to lead the charge against the Mbabazis.

Kirunda Kivejinja (elders) had a neutralizing effect. He went as far as accusing Museveni of using the NRM Parliamentary caucus to usurp powers of all the party organs.

“The chairman should stop using his caucus to usurp the authority of all organs; I think the organs should be allowed to do their work,” Kivejinja reportedly said.

All the while Museveni was looking on, occasionally taking some notes, the sources said.

Later, Museveni invited Rebecca Garang, the widow of the founding president of South Sudan Dr (Col)  John Garang to address the members, briefly. Rebecca told the members that disunity in NRM especially amongst its top leadership could create chaos. She gave the example of her country, South Sudan, now gripped by war that erupted last year partly because of disagreements within the leadership of SPLA/M.

After her submission, Jacqueline retook the floor. She detailed how Museveni had orchestrated a campaign to fight her husband by proxy through other party members. She said Museveni always fights those with ambition in NRM, citing Dr Kizza Besigye as an example. She wondered whether the country would come to a standstill if Museveni was no longer president.

“Why do you fear competition?” she queried, according to our sources.

She said Museveni had now sent out some ministers to the countryside to meet NRM grassroots leaders, in an effort to demonize her husaband further.

“I know that you gave them Shs 2 billion to go around. But let me hope that what they report back is the truth. The truth is that people are tired. People want change,” she reportedly said as Museveni took down a few notes.

Jacqueline said the day presidential term limits were removed from the Constitution in 2005, was the day the country was buried, politically.

“I know my husband and sister [Hope Mwesigye] were involved in this but I always opposed them. Ask him. I remember the day Parliament voted; I was at home watching television. Then when my husband and sister came home to celebrate, I told them there is no food for you,” she said.

“I did not give him food,” she emphasized.

 

            Bold and daring: Jacqueline Mbabazi did not mince her words

 

At that juncture, one male member is reported to have sought clarification, asking: “Did you also deny him the other food?”

If the cheeky member had hoped to use humour to ease the tension, it did not work. One insider source said it was the first time he had heard and seen someone take on Museveni so feverishly and boldly.

“I thought that Jacqueline was going to be put under arrest,” said the source.

In a raised voice, Museveni responded that he had kept quiet for a long time as the Mbabazis abused his family. He singled out Nina Mbabazi for her articles in newspapers and posts on social media, which allegedly denigrated the party and his family (Nina used to write a column in Sunday Monitor).

“In fact one time, Natasha [president’s daughter] came to me and said, why do we keep quiet when this girl abuses us? She said she was going to write back. But I told her that unless I am not the son of Kaguta, she should not write back,” Museveni said.

Museveni also rubbished claims that he had stayed way too long in power, pointing to the Mbabazis longevity too in the struggle.

“You remember the first time I came to your house, in 1976. You served me tea. Were you not part of the struggle?” he asked.

Stale talk

Museveni then went into the history of NRM’s rise to power. He received support from Kyaligonza and Muhwezi, who reminded the meeting that for NRM to come to power, they had shed their blood. This prompted Denis Namara (Youths) to tell them to end the bush-war stories and instead focus on issues that concern the youths.

“The youths are tired of hearing the story of the bush [war] because it is not relevant to them,” Namara said.

He,  however, drew the ire of Kyambadde (treasurer) who said the bush-war heroes (including herself) could not allow to be disrespected by the youths. At 4pm, the members took a break and as they walked out of the conference room, Kyaligonza seized Jacqueline’s hand.

“Where are you taking my wife?” Mbabazi asked.

Mbabazi, Rugunda speak out

Mbabazi, who had been quiet but looked dejected, then spoke when the meeting resumed. He told the meeting that he hated injustice and unfairness. He said he studied law after witnessing someone attempt to steal his father’s land. He then questioned whether it was wrong for someone to express ambition within the NRM.

Museveni then quipped that “it is not wrong to have ambition but how one expresses it is the point.”

Dr Ruhakana Rugunda, the prime minister, is reported to have narrated how he had known Mbabazi almost since childhood. He said the two were close friends as well as business associates. What intrigued him, he said, was the fact that Mbabazi was not speaking his mind like “a real Mukiga.”

“I want my good friend [Mbabazi] to tell the meeting here and now, whether he intends to stand for the presidency.”

Mbabazi, with hand on his cheek, just stared at Rugunda without offering any response. At about 5:30pm, Museveni excused himself and rushed to Mulago hospital to officially flag off the reconstruction works there. He instructed the members not to leave.

He came back towards 7pm and the meeting resumed. Fred Mukisa (Elders) and Kasule Lumumba then told the meeting how Mbabazi had bought vehicles for his mobilisers in their respective areas. They each read out the registration number plates of the vehicles. As the meeting drew to a close towards midnight, Museveni reminded them that they had to conclude the Mbabazi matter.

At this point, some people were really exhausted and some had tight schedules the next day. Sam Engola (Vice-chairman, Northern Uganda), for instance, reminded the president that he had to travel to Apac that night to be able to welcome him to the district the next day (October 19) for the consecration of the bishop of West Lango diocese, the Rt Rev Canon Alfred Acur Okudi.

To resolve the Mbabazi impasse, Engola suggested that members vote by show of hands, whether or not Mbabazi should stay on as secretary general. Some members bought this idea but Mbabazi warned that he would sue the party if CEC endorsed an illegality. He said he was elected by the delegates’ conference, and not CEC. Museveni conceded and fished for an alternative solution.

Then the idea of Mbabazi writing a letter, taking administrative leave as secretary general for three months was floated. “Since you are a lawyer and the matter concerns you, I want you to draft the letter,” Museveni told Mbabazi as he handed him a piece of paper.

The first draft, according to our sources, was rejected, because it did not explicitly say that he would relinquish the duties of secretary general, while on leave. Sources said that Mbabazi had created a loophole that would allow him to have a say on some [party] matters while on leave. Museveni then told Muhwezi (Veterans) to airbrush it and effect changes.

After Muhwezi made the changes, it was debated briefly before members adopted it. Museveni then told the members that there would be an emergency delegates’ conference on December 15 where wholesome changes would be effected to the NRM constitution, including allowing the party chairman to appoint a secretary general. He told CEC that the conference would cost Shs 5 billion, which he would “look for.”

Later, Museveni proposed that all CEC members should take a group photo, to leave no room for anyone to disown what was discussed in the meeting.

“I am going to call [Robert] Kabushega and tell him to publish this photograph,” Museveni said insisting that Mbabazi should stand next to him.

By the end of the meeting, Museveni appeared as if he had scored one over Mbabazi. Indeed, on Monday, Mbabazi wrote to Museveni informing him that he had taken leave till December 31.

“As you are aware, I have been performing the duties of Secretary General of NRM without a break for the last nine years, I wish now to take leave of absence from duty from October 20 until December 31,” Mbabazi wrote.

Sacked as prime minister on September 18 and now hounded out as secretary general, some observers have opined that Mbabazi might be on his way out of NRM.

Yet the fact that he has so far given away little as regards his presidential ambitions means there could still be more intriguing twists and turns to this political tale.

 

ekiggundu@observer.ug

sadabkk@observer.ug

 

Military Genero wa Kagame owe Ruanda mukwate mu Bungereza:
Kampala | Jun 24, 2015
                    General Karenzi at work in Ruanda
 

Bya Musasi Waffe

 

PULEZIDENTI wa Rwanda, Paul Kagame ali mu kasattiro oluvannyuma lwa Genero we abadde akulira eby’ekikessi, okumukwatira e Bungereza ku gy’okutta abantu.

Gen. Emmanuel Karenzi Karake, 54, nga y’akulira ekitongole ekikessi mu Rwanda ekya National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS), abazungu baamuvumbagidde alinnya ennyonyi ku kisaawe ky’e Heathrow mu London ku Lwomukaaga empingu ne ziruma.

Baamubuuzizza kajjogijjogi w’ebibuuzo era bwe baakakasizza nti y’oyo gwe babadde beetaaga, ne bassaawo olutuula lwa kkooti olw’enjawulo ku Ssande ne bamusomera emisango egimukwasizza.

Yakwatiddwa ku biwandiiko ‘bakuntumye’ ebyafulumizibwa Omulamuzi Fernando Andreu owa kkooti e Spain mu 2008 nti amulabako yenna amukwate aweerezebwe e Spain avunaanibwe okutta abantu mu Rwanda.

Omulamuzi wa Bungereza naye yayongedde okumubuuza ebibuuzo okukakasa nti y’oyo eyeetaagibwa kkooti, era bwe yakakasizza nti y’oyo ddala; kwe kusalawo azzibwe mu kaduukulu bamukomyewo ku Lwokuna (enkya), lw’agenda okuzzibwa mu kkooti ategeezebwe ku nteekateeka ez’okumukwasa gavumenti ya Spain abitebye.

OBUJULIZI BUZINGIRAMU KAGAME

Bannamagye ba Rwanda 40 abagambibwa okwenyigira mu kutta abantu wakati wa 1994 ne 2000 be bassibwa ku lukalala lw’abeetaagibwa kkooti ya Spain.

Ku lukalala luno kuliko ne Minisita wa Kagame ow’ebyokwerinda, James Kabarebe era naye asattira.

Emisango egikwasizza Gen. Karenzi gyawaabwa mu 2005 ekibiina ky’obwannakyewa ekirwanirizi ky’eddembe (African Human Rights Group) nga kimulumiriza ne banne 39 okwenyigira mu kutta abantu ekirindi nti era ne mu be batta baatwaliramu ne bannansi ba Spain 9 abaali basindikiddwa e Rwanda okuyambako mu kukuuma emirembe.

Mu mpaaba ey’emiko 182, Kagame naye bamwogerako nti alina ky’amanyi ku butemu obwakolebwa abajaasi be, wabula tebaamuteeka ku lukalala lw’abavunaanibwa kuba mu kiseera kino akyali Pulezidenti.

Oludda oluwaabi lulaga nti lulina enteekateeka ezizuukusa emisango ku Kagame amangu ddala ng’avudde mu buyinza. Kkooti y’ensi yonna (ICC) yokka y’erina obuyinza obuvunaana Pulezidenti ng’akyali mu buyinza nga bwe kiri ku wa Sudan Omar el Bashir.

Mu kiseera kino, abawagira Kagame e Rwanda bali mu nteekateeka eggyawo ekkomo ku bisanja kimusobozese okwesimbawo okwetangira ebizibu nga bino.

Mu mateeka g’ensi yonna, omuntu oba ekitongole kisobola okuggulawo emisango naddala egirimu okutta abantu ekirindi ku bakulembeze abatakwatibwako mu nsi zaabwe nga bagiggulirawo mu mawanga amalala era kkooti n’eyisa ebibaluwa ebimukwata.

Enkola eno gye bayita “Universal Jurisdiction” mwe baayita okukwata eyali Pulezidenti wa Chile, Augusto Pinochet. Ono naye baamukwatira London ng’ebiwandiiko ebimukwata byayisibwa kkooti y’e Spain mu 1998. Wadde ensi endala nazo zikozesa etteeka lino, Spain yeegulidde nnyo erinnya mu kulikozesa.

Gen. Karenzi ye munnamagye wa Kagame owookubiri okukwatibwa mu ngeri eno; eyasooka yali Col. Rose Kabuye gwe baakwatira e Germany mu 2008.

Col. Kabuye yali akola mu ofiisi ya Pulezidenti Kagame wabula oluvannyuma lw’enteeseganya wakati wa Rwanda ne Germany, omusibe yayimbulwa n’adda ku butaka.

KAGAME AYOGEDDE N’OWA BUNGEREZA

Amangu ddala nga Kagame ategeezeddwa nti Genero we bamuggalidde mu kkomera e Bungereza, yatandikiddewo okusala amagezi agamutaasa.

Emikutu gy’amawulire egimu gyategeezezza nti Kagame yakubidde Katikkiro wa Bungereza, David Cameron, essimu ne boogerera akaseera ku bya Gen. Karenzi.

Wadde ebyavuddemu tebyafulumiziddwa mu butongole, ensonda mu gavumenti ya Rwanda zaalaze nti Cameron yasuubizza kwetegereza nsonga eno, ekitaawadde nnyo Kagame ssuubi.

Omukutu gwa ABC News gwategeezezza nti ekisinze okweraliikiriza Rwanda ye kkooti eteekateeka okutwala Karenzi mu maaso g’Omulamuzi ku Lwokuna, ate nga baabadde balowooza nti engeri abakulu bombi gye boogedde, wa kuyimbulwa adde e Kigali.

Minisita wa Rwanda ow’ebyamateeka, Johnston Busingye yagambye nti basazeewo okuyungula bannamateeka bonna abeetagisa okununula Karenzi aleme na kutwalibwa Spain gye baamuggulirako emisango.

Ate minisita w’ensonga ez’Ebweru, Louise Mushikiwabo yatabukidde Abazungu n’agamba nti bino babikola kuyisa lugaayu mu mawanga ga Afrika nti era kino tekyawukana ku kye baakola ku Pulezidenti wa Kenya, Uhuru Kenyatta, n’agattako nti amawanga ga Afrika galina okulwanira awamu kino kikome kati!

Bamulumiriza ne ku by’e Congo

Ng’oggyeeko omusango ogw’okutta Bannansi ba Spain, lipoota y’ekibiina ekirwanirizi ky’eddembe ly’obuntu ekya Human Rights Watch (HRW) eya 2007 ewa ku Gen. Karenzi obujulizi nti yeenyigira mu kutta abantu baabulijjo mu DR Congo mu kibuga Kishangani mu lutalo olwaliyo mu 2000, Rwanda ne Uganda bwe zaakubaganira mu kibuga kino.

Gen. Karenzi amanyiddwa ennyo nga K.K mu Rwanda, era ayogerwako ng’ow’embazuulu. Mu 2010, Kagame yalagira n’akwatibwa olw’okusiiwuuka empisa n’aggalirwa mu maka ge okumala akaseera okutuusa lwe yasonyiyibwa n’azzibwa ku mulimu.

Busingye yagambye nti bagenda kukozesa amakubo abiri (2) okununula Karenzi okuli erya kkooti wamu n’enteeseganya z’abakulembeze b’amawanga gombi era basuubira nti amakubo ago ga kuyamba omuntu waabwe aleme kuweerezebwa Spain.

 

 

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