African States campaign for protection of African civilians against the civil wars on their territories:

Displaced South Sudanese women walk towards the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) base in Malakal on January 13, 2014. PHOTO | FILE | AFP
Displaced South Sudanese women walk towards the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) base in Malakal on January 13, 2014

. PHOTO | FILE | AFP

By ROBERT MBARAGA


Posted  Sunday, November 20   2016

Rwanda, the Netherlands and the United States have combined forces to push for a robust mandate for UN peacekeepers to protect civilians in conflict zones.

This emerged at the training of 36 officers from the military, police and the civil service of 14 troop-contributing countries in Rwanda.

The course is expected to equip them with skills to protect civilians during peacekeeping missions.

The UN peacekeeping guidelines binds contingents in the field to wait for the green light from their respective governments before they can act, which has been blamed for slow response during crises.

Frédérique de Man, Netherlands ambassador to Rwanda, said commanding officers on the ground come under undue pressure when they have to take decisions to protect civilians in a war zone without clear guidance or with contradicting orders from the mission and the national headquarters.

This contradiction often results from caveats issued by troop-contributing states, directing their soldiers not to engage in combats.

“What we have seen through the years is that often, there are discrepancies between the mandate and what the troops can do,” Ms de Man said.

To address the discrepancies, signatories of the agreement dubbed “the Kigali Principles” will continue to push for enforcement by the United Nations.

“The US is urging the United Nations to attach considerable weight to a country’s commitment to implement the Kigali Principle when contributing units for peacekeeping operations, particularly those missions that are operating in environments with a civilians’ protection mandate,” said Matthew Roth, deputy chief of mission, US embassy in Rwanda said at the opening of the course.

Thirty-seven countries have signed the Kigali Principles, which Mr Roth was a milestone only one year after the principles were adopted.

“I think the fact that, in less than five months, another seven nations will have signed the, principles, which shows that we are moving in the right direction for the protection of civilians around the world” Mr Roth said.

Countries that have signed include Ethiopia, Bangladesh, Rwanda the US and France.

“The aim of this course is to develop understanding of the inadequacy of theories, policies and other legal instruments for the protection of civilians when they are confronted with the realities in peacekeeping missions and how to bridge the gap using the Kigali Principles as supplements to the current UN guidelines,” said Brig Gen Chris Murari, officer in charge of operations and training in the Rwanda Defence Forces.

Rwandan Minister for Justice Johnston Busingye urged participants to adapt to the “contemporary environment of peacekeeping” and “emerging threats,” and act in the best interests of civilians.

The primary responsibility is put on commanders of the peacekeeping troops on site, whom the Kigali Principles want given power to make decisions. Participants of the course are drawn from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya Malawi, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tanzania Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, The Netherlands and USA.

What is a war crime? How are suspects tried?

By AFP

Added 28th September 2016


Article 8 of the Rome Statute sets out more than 50 examples which could be considered a war crime.


Syrian rescuers hold the body of a girl after pulling it from rubble of a building following government forces air strikes in Aleppo. AFP Photo


As Aleppo reels from air strikes, UN chief Ban Ki-moon has warned the use of bunker bombs and other advanced munitions against Syria civilians may constitute a war crime.

Here are five facts about war crimes, and the long, arduous legal process to bring perpetrators to justice.

Definition of a war crime

Violations of the Geneva Conventions adopted in 1949 following World War II are commonly called "war crimes".

In broad terms, the conventions cover protection of civilians, treatment of prisoners and care for the wounded.

They form the basis of the 1998 Rome Statute, the founding treaty of the world's only permanent court for prosecuting war crimes -- the International Criminal Court (ICC).

Article 8 of the Rome Statute sets out more than 50 examples which could be considered a war crime.

They include wilful killing, torture, taking of hostages, unlawful deportations, intentionally directing attacks against civilians not taking part in hostilities, and deliberately attacking aid and peacekeeping missions.

Using poisonous gases, internationally-banned weapons which cause "superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering or which are inherently indiscriminate" -- such as cluster bombs or incendiary weapons -- or bullets "which expand and flatten easily in the human body" are also considered a war crime.

Legal history

International treaties on the laws of war first began being formulated in the mid-1800s. But most such as The Hague Conventions, adopted in 1899 and in 1907, dealt mainly with the treatment of combatants not civilians.

The first high-profile war crimes trials of the modern era were held in Nuremberg and Tokyo in tribunals set up by the Allies to try German and Japanese leaders.

In May 1993, at the height of the Balkans wars, the United Nations established the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) based in The Hague.

Since its inception, the ICTY has indicted 161 people, of whom 83 have been sentenced, including former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic.

Following the genocide in Rwanda, the UN then set up the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in 1994 in Arusha to prosecute those behind the killings of at least 800,000 people.

Both courts highlighted the need for a permanent war crimes tribunal, which gave rise to the ICC.

Prosecutions at the ICC

The ICC began work in The Hague in 2003, a year after its statute came into force. To date, 124 countries have signed up to the statute, including 34 from Africa -- the biggest regional group -- and 28 from Latin America and the Caribbean.

A country that has signed up to the treaty or whose citizens have been the victims of crimes may refer cases to the ICC's chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, for investigation.

Cases may also be referred by the United Nations Security Council or the prosecutor can initiate her own investigations with permission from the judges providing member states are involved, or a non-member state can agree to accept the court's jurisdiction.

Any group or individual can report alleged crimes, but it is up to prosecutor to first see whether they fall under her jurisdiction.

So far 23 cases have been brought before the court, and four verdicts -- three guilty, one acquittal -- have been issued.

They include former Congolese militia leader Jean-Pierre Bemba sentenced to 18 years in jail on three counts of war crimes and two charges of crimes against humanity.

Preliminary inquiries or full investigations are also ongoing into situations in 19 countries or territories, with charges yet to be brought.

The situation with Syria

Syria is not a signatory to the ICC. Nor are the other major players in the complex conflict -- Russia, the United States, Iran and Saudi Arabia.

As a result, the prosecutor would need a UN mandate to investigate any alleged crimes committed by the government or the rebels in the five-year war in the country -- including the use of chemical weapons.

Attempts to refer Syria to the ICC were vetoed at the UN Security Council in 2014 by Russia and China, to the dismay of human rights groups.

Will alleged war crimes in Syria ever be tried?

While the war continues, it is unlikely any prosecutions can be brought before the ICC.

Experts believe accountability will have to be tackled in any eventual peace process. Many argue the best scenario would be some kind of hybrid court based in Syria, but perhaps staffed by a mixture of local and international judges.

The North Sudan issues flood warning as the famous African River Nile rises its African ancient banks






The Blue Nile, in Ethiopia.


FILE PHOTO BY CLIFFORD GIKUNDA

Posted: 12th August 2016


Sudanese authorities on

Wednesday warned people living near the banks of the Nile to be wary of flooding, after two weeks of heavy rainfall killed dozens across the country.

Authorities said water levels were rising on the Blue Nile along the border with Ethiopia after continuous rainfall in that country.

The Blue Nile flows to Khartoum where it meets the White Nile and they become the Nile, which flows into Egypt.

"The Blue Nile is rising because of continuous heavy rainfall in Ethiopia," Mohameddin Abu al-Qasim of the interior ministry told AFP.

"We warn residents living on both sides of the Nile to be cautious."

The water levels were rising particularly rapidly in the state of Blue Nile bordering Ethiopia, the official news agency SUNA reported.

At least 76 people have been killed due to flooding elsewhere in Sudan, Interior Minister Ismat Abdul-Rahman said last week.

The United Nations aid agencies had warned of flooding in Sudan between July and November this year.

The most affected states are Kassala, Sennar, South Kordofan, West Kordofan and North Darfur, said the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, or OCHA.

"Heavy rain and flooding since early June have affected over 122,000 people and destroyed over 13,000 houses in many parts of Sudan," it said in a statement released on Wednesday.

A downpour in August 2013 was the worst to hit Khartoum in 25 years, affecting tens of thousands of people, the UN said.

Those floods had killed about 50 people nationwide, most of them in the capital.

The bitter truth of history of the African tribe of the Bakiga in trying to fight British colonialism:




The Former Life President,

Idi Amin of Uganda

By Faustin Mugabe

Posted:Saturday, February 1st   2016

When the Bakiga lobbied for Gen Idi Amin to be crowned life president and also be given the highest military title of Field Marshal, not many Ugandans had heard of the Akaryeija kararuga Kabale adage.

Ancient Bahororo had coined the saying Akaryeija kararuga Kabale (the surprise/trouble would emerge from Kabale).

The Bahororo lived in former Mpororo kingdom, north of present-day Kabale District. The kingdom was dissolved in 1902 by British colonialists in order to let the Bashambo upper class of the kingdom live with the Bairu-Bahororo in harmony.

But even after that, a rift between the Bashambo-Bahororo (the rulers) and Bairu-Bahororo (the subjects) continued to exist. The rift had existed since the establishment of the kingdom around 1840’s. Nonetheless, the two lived together.

Bakiga crown Amin life president

When the “Kigezi proposal” to crown Amin life president of Uganda and also be promoted Field Marshal became a reality, the Bahororo’s proverb Akaryeija kararuga Kabale had manifested once more.

On January 24, 1973, residents of Kamwezi Sub-county in Kabale District, Kigezi sub-region, made history.

Although it is not recorded who among the 3,000 who gathered at Kamwezi Sub-county headquarters proposed that Amin be made life president and promoted from four-star General to Field Marshal, what is well documented is that the gathering was chaired by Mr Karegyesa, the Kamwezi Sub-county chief.

The Kigezi proposal was later sold to the Eishengyero Rya Ankole (Ankole District Council).

After the September 1972 invasion by rebels from Tanzania through Mutukula and Isingiro in southern Uganda, no local leader wanted to be labelled a rebel associate.

Besides, at the time many believed in Amin’s leadership and wanted to be so close to the establishment.

Perhaps, the reason to crown Amin life president was to appease him after he visited Kigezi District and warned of severe consequences if anyone was caught supporting the guerrillas who were, according to the intelligence, operating in the area because of its proximity to Tanzania, the country sheltering them.

And to prove that they supported the government, it is believed, they wanted Amin to be crowned life president.

In late January 1973, a second meeting of chiefs and elders from the two districts was held at Kamukuzi, Mbarara District headquarters in the presence of Lt Col Ali, the commanding officer of Simba Battalion in Mbarara District.

The meeting had been hosted to review the security situation in both districts following the recruitment of guerrillas, particularly in Kigezi sub-region at the time.

On January 31, 1973, the Voice of Uganda newspaper carried a lead story: “Make him life president call.”

It had a sub title: “Ankole, Kigezi people make historic proposal on Gen Amin’s leadership and urge all Ugandans to support.”

The story in part read: “The Defence Council has been urged by the people of Kigezi and Ankole to consider very seriously the proposal of making General Idi Amin Uganda’s life president and they have also appealed to all Ugandans to support the proposal.”

At the Kamukuzi meeting, nine reasons were forwarded for why Amin should be made life president. They included:

1. Abolishing of political parties which had divided Ugandans

2. Abolishing of the General Service Unit and Kondoism (thuggery)

3. Expulsion of Indians

4. Expulsion of Israelis

5. Expulsion of the British

6. Abolishing of mini-skirts and dresses

7. Uniting religions in Uganda

8. Bringing back the body of former Kabaka Sir Edward Muteesa II

9. Handing over of the economy to Ugandans.

It would seem the Defence Council took the Kamwezi proposal to Amin and he liked it.

In late 1974, Amin accepted the life president title to be bestowed on him by the Defence Council. And on July 15, 1975, at a function hosted at State House Entebbe, Amin was promoted to Field Marshal. The Defence Council gave eight reasons for promoting him to that rank.

Bahororo saying

The Bahororo could have invented the Akaryeija kararuga Kabale saying because they had witnessed unusual happenings in and around Kabale area, or State as ancient tribes often referred to each other.

For instance, in September 1909, there had emerged the notorious Nyabingyi Movement, a religious/ militant cult led by a priestess, Nyiragahumuza, who claimed to be fighting colonialists.

The movement went on, though in different phases, until September 1945 when Nyiragahumuza died.

She died in a prison at Kakeka, Mengo, near Kampala, according to available records. Since never before had the Bakiga and Bahororo heard of a woman commanding a war, the saying akaryeija kararuga Kabale was thus brought to life.

Kabale public executions

February 27, 1918: The public execution of two former Nyabingyi fighters, Baguma and Bagorogoza, at what is now Kabale stadium proved the Bahororo’s prediction.

The duo was executed by the guillotine after British colonialist and Kigezi District Commissioner J. H. G. McDougall found the two guilty of participating in the infamous Nyakishenyi battle of August 27, 1917 in which a British camp was destroyed and several people killed.

February 10, 1973: On that day, Kabale residents witnessed the second public execution. Joseph Bitwari, James Karambuzi and David K. Tusingwire, part of the Yoweri Museveni-led Fronasa group, were executed at Kabale stadium by firing squad conducted by the Uganda Army .


Really Uganda was not a colony of Europe. It was a Protecto

rate of Europe. One reckon freedom fighters in the Protecto

rate of Uganda after Indepen

dence are called liberators from African tyranny.

RAT

 (Resist African Tyranny)

 


President Museveni at the unveilling of the Rugando monument in Mbarara district in 2012. The monument was erected in memory of the victims of the 1979 anti-Amin struggle


President Yoweri Museveni will unveil a monument in memory of the victims of the National Resistance Army (NRA) struggle at Dwaniro subcounty headquarters in the central district of Kiboga on Heroes' Day next week.


According to government spokesperson Ofwono Opondo, the unveiling of the monument will precede the day’s main celebrations at Katwe PS grounds in the same district. Opondo said Dwaniro had been selected because it was the epicenter of the liberation war that steered the ruling NRM government into power.


Heroes’ Day(NRM) is celebrated every June 9 in memory of citizens who have contributed to the nation building. However, the public holiday’s national celebration ceremonies have been criticized by the opposition, with the choice of heroes raising eyebrows and the event’s pomp often described as wastage of tax payers’ money.

skamugisha@

observer.ug


An old war bomb has killed two in Nakaseke, in the historical Luwero war zone:

Mr Abdul Kasakya, a survivor of the blast, at Nakaseke Hospital.

 

PHOTO by Dan

Wandera. 

Article by:
By Dan Wandera


Posted  Tuesday, March 10  2015

 

Nakaseke, Buganda State, Uganda.

Police in Nakaseke District have confirmed two people killed and one injured when an object suspected to be abandoned war material exploded at Kamusenene village in Ngoma Subcounty at the weekend.

Police have identified the deceased as Dan Ssemakadde, a resident of Kiwoko village Wakyato Sub-county and Simeo Mukwaya Kabaya, a resident of Kiwoko Town in Nakaseke. The injured currently admitted to Nakaseke Hospital, has been identified as Abdul Kasakya, a resident of Kayunga District. 

“We suspect that the explosive could be an abandoned war material which exploded after the victims tampered with it as they went on with their charcoal burning process. Simeo Mukwaya died on spot while Dan Ssemakadde died at Nakaseke Hospital shortly after admission,” Mr Lameck Kigozi, the Police Spokesperson Savanah Region, told Daily Monitor.

According to Kasakya, they did not notice they had any metal as they carried logs in preparation for charcoal burning at Kamusenene village.

“Saturday morning was very normal as we carried logs in preparation for charcoal burning. I did not see any suspicious material in form of a metal around us but there was something which looked like a stone. I heard a loud burst and a cloud of dust. I did not know that i had been injured but tried to look for my two friends whom I could not locate at that particular time. I only came to my senses when we were being lifted up by residents and police,” Kasakya said.

Mr Kigozi said police are waiting for ballistic experts from UPDF to help police identify the type of explosive.

editorial@ug.

nationmedia.com



A British Navy rescues African and Arabic refugees in the Med Sea.

 
 
A Royal Marine from HMS Bulwark watches over refugees on a Royal Navy Landing Craft in the Mediterranean (Ministry of Defence)

The Royal Navy's flagship has rescued a more than 100 refugees adrift in the Mediterranean - its first mission since being deployed in the region.

HMS Bulwark was despatched to the Mediterranean on Monday as part of David Cameron's promise to help tackle the migrant crisis, which has cost the lives of nearly 1,800 people this year.

The 19,000-tonne assault ship picked up 110 migrants today after inspecting a suspicious rubber boat. With the help of the Italian coastguard, the migrants were taken to land.

A Ministry of Defence spokesman said last night: "HMS Bulwark, working with the Italian coastguard, today investigated a large rubber boat with approximately 110 individuals on board.

"The individuals were rescued using Bulwark's landing craft before being transferred on to the Italian coastguard's vessel and taken to land. Everyone was transferred safely and HMS Bulwark remains on task."

The Prime Minister pledged the ship on April 23 ahead of an emergency EU summit to discuss how European countries could cooperate to prevent the deaths of thousands this summer.

Speaking outside the Brussels meeting, Mr Cameron said: "Saving lives means rescuing these poor people, but it also means smashing the gangs and stabilising the region.

"Now Britain, as ever, will help. We'll use our aid budget to help stabilise neighbouring countries. And as the country in Europe with the biggest defence budget, we can make a real contribution."

Mr Cameron also pledged three Merlin helicopters to the rescue effort.

HMS Bulwark, a landing platform dock, is designed to put ashore Royal Marine commandos in assaults by sea, by boats launched from the dock compartment, and from two helicopters from the deck.

It has a nautical range of 8,000 miles and can carry up to 700 troops on top of a crew of 325.

The MoD said earlier that the Prime Minister had made clear to the European Council that Britain would play a role in tackling the current crisis in the Mediterranean, but would not offer refugees asylum in the UK.

Nb

Great Britain used to rule the global waves. Many of these refugees are from the political confusion Great Britain caused in their countries as it consolidated its abruptly ended recent British Empire. These refugees therefore should be given a UN mandate to be resettled back to their lands with all the protection against political and military neo-colonialism that is causing so much disorder and social  chaos in this world order.


The United Kingdom Government is attempting to keep details of a  secret security agreement  with Saudi Arabia, hidden from the British people:

© Reuters/PA Wire Theresa May and Prince Khalid bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz

The British Government signed a secret security pact with Saudi Arabia and is now attempting to prevent details of the deal from being made public.

The Home Secretary Theresa May agreed to the so-called ‘memorandum of understanding’ with her Saudi counter-part Crown Prince Muhammad bin Nayef during a visit to the Kingdom last year.

The Home Office released no details of her trip at the time or announced that the deal had been signed. The only public acknowledgement was a year later in a Foreign Office report which obliquely referenced an agreement to “modernise the Ministry of the Interior”.

But now following a Freedom of Information request from the Liberal Democrats, who were in Government at the time, it has emerged that the agreement is far wider than has been acknowledged.

In its grounds for refusing to publish details of the memorandum the Home Office has admitted it “contains information relating to the UK’s security co-operation with Saudi Arabia”.

Releasing the document it says “would damage the UK’s bilateral relationship” with the Kingdom and potentially damage Britain’s national security.

The Home Secretary Theresa May agreed to the so-called ‘memorandum of understanding’ with her Saudi counter-part Crown Prince Muhammad bin Nayef

Human rights groups have expressed alarm at the secretive nature of the deal with a regime which has been condemned for its human rights record.

In February the Kingdom adopted a new anti-terrorism law that defines terrorism as words or actions deemed by the authorities to be directly or indirectly “disturbing” to public order or “destabilizing the security of society.

In March, a series of decrees promulgated by the Interior Ministry extended Saudi Arabia’s extended the definition of further to include “calling for atheist thought” and “contacting any groups or individuals opposed to the Kingdom”, as well as “seeking to disrupt national unity” by calling for protests.

The Ministry of the Interior is also responsible for carrying out executions such as the threatened beheading of Ali Mohammed Baqir al-Nimr for taking part in anti-government protests and allegedly attacking security forces when he was 17. Mr Ali al-Nimr supporters claim he was tortured while in detention.


© Provided by The Independent Prince Khalid bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz welcomes British Prime Minister David Cameron (L) as he arrives in Jeddah on November 6, 2012 (Picture: [copyright])


Both Liberal Democrats and Labour have called for Mrs May to provide details of the deal to Parliament and expressed concern that such an agreement should be done behind closed doors without any public scrutiny.

“Deals with nations like Saudi Arabia should not be done in secret,” said the Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron.

“Parliament should be able to hold ministers to account. It is time to shine a light onto the shady corners of our relationship with Saudi Arabia.”

“It is time we stood up for civil liberties, human rights and not turn a blind eye because the House of Saud are our ‘allies’”.

The emergence of the agreement comes after the Justice Secretary Michael Gove announced he was cancelling a £5.9 million contract to provide a training programme for prisons in the Saudi Arabia.

The contract had attracted widespread criticism but when the cancellation was announced it led to a diplomatic row with the Saudi leadership who threatened to withdraw Saudi ambassador in London pending a review of relations with the UK.

In an attempt to placate the Saudis, David Cameron sent a personal message to King Salman bin Abdul Aziz bin Saud, while the Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond was dispatched to Riyadh to rebuild bridges.

Labour’s Shadow Foreign Secretary Hilary Benn said that while Saudi Arabia had undoubtedly provided assistance to Britain in dealing with threats in recent years it had also clamped down on fundamental freedoms, such as free speech.

“Any assistance to their interior ministry needs to be in line with our commitment to human rights worldwide,” he said.

“Given the UK Government's recent decision to pull out of a deal with the Saudi Ministry of Justice on prisons, it is imperative that the FCO and the Home Office provide details on what this MOU with the Saudis involves so Parliament and the public can be assured that it is compliant with our treaty obligations and British values. Ministers should not hide behind the cloak of national security and should instead be open about the nature of this arrangement.

Amnesty International UK Director Kate Allen described the memorandum as a “murky deal”.

“We’d like to know what efforts are being made by UK officials to challenge and prevent abuses in Saudi Arabia’s highly abusive justice system?” she said.

“This murky MoU deal was set up shortly after the Saudi Interior Ministry was granted draconian new powers to hold and interrogate terrorism suspects without a lawyer for 90 days. Have Theresa May’s officials ever asked their counterparts to scale back on these excessive powers?

“The UK already has a track record of selling vast quantities of arms to Saudi Arabia while remaining markedly reluctant to publicly criticise Riyadh for its atrocious human rights record.

“With people like the blogger Raif Badawi still languishing in jail and the teenage protester Ali al-Nimr still facing a possible execution, secret deals between the UK and Saudi leave a very bad taste.”

A Home Office spokesman said they could not comment on the memorandum.


An African School in Tanzania built by the President of Uganda, Mr Yoweri Museveni 

The village of Muhutwe in Kagera region has a special relationship with Uganda's president, Yoweri Museveni. During his years in exile from Uganda he spent some time at Muhutwe, in the western Tanzania region of Kagera.

The house where President Museveni lived in the village of Muhutwe.

He reportedly lived in the house, pictured above, where he rented a small room. My guide during the trip to Muhutwe told me the room was packed with books. The landlord did not know who Museveni was until Museveni returned to the village of Muhutwe as president of Uganda and visited his former residence.

Nyarigamba Secondary School.


President Museveni not only decided to build a house for his former landlord, but even decided that two secondary schools should be built in Muleba district: one at Muhutwe, and another one at Kamachumu.

Nyarigamba Secondary School.
Nyarigamba Secondary School.
Nyarigamba Secondary School.

The decision was not received with approval by some Ugandans who complained that President Museveni should have spent that money in Uganda.


According the the Ugandan High Commissioner to Tanzania, Ibrahim Mukiibi, the schools were built as a gesture of friendship from Ugandans to Tanzania for the good job that the Tanzanian army had done in the war that toppled the former ruler, Idi Amin in 1979.

Mr Crispy Kaheru

Uganda is currently undergoing a serious political crisis triggered by the continued contestation of the February 18, 2016 presidential election results by a section of the political actors that participated in that election.

The government, Electoral Commission and the NRM party are contented with the way the election was conducted. On the other hand, the opposition, civil society organisations as well as local and international observers remain dissatisfied with the way the election was managed.

Election observation outfits (with the exception of the African Union and the East African Community [maybe]) have described the conduct of the election as having been inconsistent with the country’s obligation under Article 25 of the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) to hold genuine elections that guarantee the free expression of the will of the voters.

The results of the last presidential election as announced by the Electoral Commission and the decision of the Supreme court have not brought an end to the country’s political contestations; neither have they conferred legitimacy on the outcome of the election in the minds of a significant section of the Ugandan society.

However, this was not entirely new. Ugandans have consistently faced the same political and electoral challenges after each election – especially since 2001.

It is actually regrettable that over the years, similar political and electoral crises have been glossed over, only for the same crises to reoccur on higher scales.

As of today, the events taking place in the country, including the arrests of key opposition figures, incidents of police brutality on ordinary citizens, the ban on the media live coverage of opposition activities and the restrictions imposed on social media, are only representative of a deteriorating political and security situation in the country.

We must appreciate that the current crisis, though electoral in nature, it is deeply rooted in broader political and governance challenges. If not comprehensively addressed, the current political crisis could further lead to a severe fracture in the social fabric of the Ugandan state and thus exacerbate the polarization and possible paralysis of the political and socio-economic system in Uganda.

The existing political stalemate presents Uganda with an opportunity not only to address the historical and political causes of this very prevailing situation, but also with a remarkable chance to discuss and, through a national dialogue and consensus, pave a new political and electoral path for Uganda.

Up until now, a number of stakeholders have recognized the need, and are calling for a people-to-people national conversation as a platform to tackle the escalating tension in the country. This national conversation is, indeed, critical if the country is to move forward.

It is incumbent upon all political actors to ensure that every effort to address the prevailing political challenges in Uganda is through peaceful means. At this moment in time, stakeholders in the electoral process and the citizenry ought to urgently activate a national peace architecture.

This peace infrastructure should rely on existing capacity within our society. Institutions such as the elders’ forum, Inter Religious Council of Uganda (IRCU), the Women Situation Room (WSR), the National Consultative Forum (NCF) and the Inter-Party Organisation for Dialogue (IPOD) should lead processes around an inclusive dialogue – with the aim of addressing the root causes of the current political and electoral crisis.

In countries such as Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Kenya, etc, the role of the international community in internal dialogue processes has been substantive.

Most of the dialogue processes have taken place under the auspices of the international community and regional structures/institutions. Their support in capacity building and expert assistance cannot be underestimated – and, therefore, must be sought.

What the current situation has exposed is the necessity to develop a long-term perspective on sustainable political dialogue for Uganda – either under the auspices of state institutions, or as extraordinary measures.


The author is the coordinator, Citizens’ Coalition for Electoral Democracy in Uganda (CCEDU).

Nb

Indeed back to square one of the Ugandan historic times of the 1960s when about 15 tribal states created what now is an Anglophile Uganda state. M7 does not want to hear all that. He calls it  all political chaos that he alone came to mend.

Londoba (-londobye, nnondobye)

v.i. select, choose, pickout; enumerate. Cg. Londa.


Londobala (-londobadde, nnondobadde) v.i

Stare stupidly, look around in a foolish manner,

Sit with a vacant look.

Ekibuga kyali kirondobadde. The city had a hopeless look.


Londobereza (-londoberezza, nnondoberezza) v.i ramble on, chatter,

Talk incessantly.


Luwonko, o- (lu/n ravine, valley, depression.

Cf. Ekiwonko.


Gabunga (la) arch. Title of the chief of the Kabaka’s canoes , admiral;

Title of a high-ranking chief of the Mmamba (Lungfish) Clan.


Taliimu. He is stupid or He is not at home.


Baama or Bama (-baamye, -bamye) v.i. become wild/fierce;

Go wild, act wildly.


Gen Olara Okello given 15-gun salute: 


By  RISDEL KASASIRA
& SAM KOMAKECH


Posted  Monday, February 16  2015

At Kitgum, Gulu Acholi, Uganda - 

A Gun fire shook the serene flat plains of Madi Opei, Lamwo District, in whose midst many sons and daughters of Acholi lie.

To the passerby and residents in far flung villages, the deafening gun sound could have been mistaken as resumption of the ebbing Lords Resistance Army rebellion that ravaged Acholi several years ago.

But this was the culmination of ceremonies by the Special Forces of the Uganda Peoples Defence Forces to send off another of Acholi’s sons, Lt Gen Bazilio Olara Okello, with full military honours.

Under the command of Capt Moses Kaniini, the army accorded Lt Gen Olara Okello a 15-gun salute, in a reburial on Saturday afternoon.

Gen Olara Okello died in exile in Sudan on January 9, 1990, and was buried in Omdurman near Khartoum.

His remains were returned to the country last Thursday.

The reburial was attended by some UPDF top brass and local politicians.

The casket draped in national colours was heavily guarded by the military police, the same force that forced him into exile in 1986. A military drum was sounded 15 times before a red flag was raised to flag off the 15-gun salute.

Clad in ceremonial military attire, eight colonels “stood to attention”, tightly holding onto their swords. They drew them, pointed them into the sky as pallbearers led by Brig Charles Otema Awany carried the casket to the grave.

As the casket was lowered, a soldier sounded the bugle- the last post-to announce the demise of a general as part of the military burial ceremonies. The clergy led by Vicar General of Gulu-Archdiocese Mathew Odong led prayers for the repose of his soul.

The reburial invoked emotions among relatives and residents who lived when Gen Olara Okello and his men were in charge of the nation.

However, by granting him a befitting send off by his former adversaries, was a sign of reconciliation between his family and the current government.

Gen Museveni commanded the National Resistance Army (NRA) rebels, now UPDF, that toppled the UNLA troops commanded by Gen Olara Okello. When the NRA took power in January 1986, Lt Gen Olara Okello fled to Sudan where he sought asylum. He later succumbed to diabetes and was buried in Omdurman, Sudan.

Speakers described Gen Olara Okello as a courageous fighter.

Gen Olara Okello commanded troops that staged a coup against former president Milton Obote and was in charge of the country as de facto head of state between July 27 and 29 before handing over power to the Gen Tito Okello Lutwa.

Gen Olara Okello left behind two widows, 19 children and 31 grandchildren.

The salutes

According the commonwealth military burial customs, a four-star general is given 17 gun salute, 15 for a three-star (Lieutenant General), 13 for a two-star (Major General), 11 for a one-star (Brigadier). A President is given 21-gun salute.

editorial@

ug.nationmedia.com

Age limit: The Uganda Supreme Court has dismissed an application to summon the Speaker of the Uganda Parliament that was responsible for this bad law:

December 17, 2018

Written by URN

Supreme court justices

Supreme court justices

 

The Supreme court has dismissed an application seeking to summon the speaker of parliament Rebecca Kadaga to answer for her role in amending the constitution to lift the presidential age limits. 

Last month, city lawyer Male Mabirizi filed an application stating that before the court proceeds to listen to the consolidated age limit petitions, Kadaga should be cross-examined over her role in the passing of the Constitutional Amendment Act 2017 which lifted the presidential age limits.

His application was challenged by the solicitor general Francis Atooke through an affidavit of Jane Kibirige, the clerk to parliament. Atooke, said that the speaker was immune to court proceedings and shouldn't be summoned. 

On Friday, seven Supreme court justices led by the chief justice Bart Katureebe dismissed Mabirizi's application. They cited that he filed a lengthy and argumentative affidavit of 264 paragraphs which was unnecessary.

Other justices are; Jotham Tumwesigye, Paul Mugamba, Opio Aweri, Eldard Mwangutsya, Stella Arach Amoko and Lillian Tibatemwa. In the unanimous ruling, the justices stated that while the length of the affidavit was not an issue, the contents were non-compliant with the civil rules of procedure. 

"An affidavit as we understand it, is meant to adduce evidence, and not to argue the application. We find that the affidavits of the applicant fall short of meeting this standard", said Mwangutsya as he read the ruling on behalf of the other justices who were also present. 

The justices said that the reasons presented by Mabirizi to summon the speaker were the very reasons he presented in the grounds of appeal which would be pre-empting the main application which is yet to be determined.  

This, according to the justices, implies an abuse of court process since the parties in the age limit petition have already made their submissions on the same grounds which the Supreme court should also pronounce itself on. The application was dismissed without any orders on the costs.

The Supreme court also said that while the affidavit presented by solicitor general on December 7, 2018 was defective, there was nothing wrong since he replaced the same in an affidavit dated December 11, 2018. 

Mabirizi said the application was a mock test for the Supreme court, and just like students, the judges may have failed the mock exams but can eventually pass the final exam. Or they can fail both the mock exam and the final exam as well. 

"Because it was the speaker involved, they even didn’t want the application be heard or to be argued. They are saying my affidavit was argumentative because it had 200 paragraphs. So if that’s the point, now when I bring an affidavit of 15 pages what will they say?" said Mabirizi.

Nb

These Uganda cases that distabilize the security of the societies of the people of Uganda and leads to civil wars and loss of property and bluntant violation of international human rights need to go to the ICC. 

The ICC is not going to just sit around and wait for such inhuman cases to happen before it acts on such African perpetrators that constantly violate humun rights left, right and centre together with their corrupt governments. 

Ugandan lawyers need to think out of this Uganda legal box. You need to become more bright in legal affairs to prevent useless African civil wars to happen.

 

 

 

 

 

Kabaka agguddewo olukiiko lwa Buganda omulundi ogwa 26 mu bbugumu:

Abaganda nga bali kumukolo gwa Ssabasajja okuggulawo Olukiiko lwa Buganda.

Do not be derailed, Kabaka tells Buganda:

Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II waves to h

Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II waves to his subjects after opening the Buganda Lukiiko at Bulange Mengo yesterday. PHOTO BY ABUBAKER LUBOWA  

By James Kabengwa

BUGANDA, MENGO- Kabaka Ronald Mutebi II has opened the 26th parliament (Lukiiko) with a call to Buganda to remain steadfast in promoting economic development.

“We have made achievements in the (past) 25 years, we must preserve them and use such to build the future of Buganda. We should decisively fight conditions that intend to derail us,” Kabaka Mutebi said at Bulange in Kampala yesterday.

The Kabaka asked the members of the Lukiiko in particular and Ugandans in general to heed the message he delivered at his 25th coronation anniversary on July 31, where he warned that greed and corruption were stagnating the country.

He also received five Baganda diaspora representatives, who formally accepted their appointments. A former news editor at the Daily Monitor, Mr Enock Mayanja Kiyaga, was one of them and he will represent Manchester and deputise Kabaka’s United Kingdom representative.

Other representatives include Esther Nassuna (United States), Paul Mulindwa (Swaziland), Rebecca Lubega (Scotland) and Racheal Nabudde (Ireland) while Ms Gertrude Nakalanzi takes over Kooki county.

Katikkiro Charles Peter Mayiga said Buganda’s scorecard in the sectors of health, education, youth empowerment, poverty alleviation have been key in the past 25 years.

“Let determination and transparency drive the youth in our quest to regain the former glory. Youth are our hope and must work to protect the kingdom,” Mr Mayiga said and promised the Kabaka resilient continuity to deliver Buganda to the top.

The Kabaka has often opened the Lukiiko in the month of August with the inaugural Lukiiko having taken place on August 2, 1993, only two days after his coronation.

Last year Kabaka outlined five key issues including just laws on land, improved agriculture the fight against HIV/Aids, youth empowerment among others.

Indeed, his cabinet has moved certain steps with coffee and cassava growing being widened in the kingdom and on land issues, the kingdom has presented its proposals to the Justice Catherine Bamugemereirwe commission. He uses his speech during the opening to outline to the members of the Lukiiko key issues where major focus should be pinned.

jkabengwa@ug.nationmedia.com

Nb

Abaganda abamu naddala abavubuka Olukiiko lwa Ssabasajja wano e Mengo tebalutegeera bulungi. Obanga lwogerera ddala kunsonga zabantu ba Ssabasajja nokuzikola ko. Oba lukola kunsonga zokka eza Namulondo ya Buganda kakati emyaka 22? Kirabika nga Parliamenti ya Uganda kakati yeyo yokka ekirizibwa okukola kunsonga ze nsi yaffe Abantu Abaganda. Kizibu nyo okulimba abantu bonna buli kiseera. Muvayo omuntu omu bwati nalaba ensonga ate mungeri endala. Mungeri nga eno Buganda lwejja okusigala kumulamwa gwayo. Buganda elekerawo okulabika nga ebungeeta bubuugeesi nga eyabalaya.

 

 

 

 

 

One understands the recently dismissed Inspector General of the Police Forces in Uganda has escaped his captors and he is seeking political asylum in the neghbouring country of Rwanda:

If general Kale Kayihura is being held for the errors of commission and omission in policing under his watch as IGP, what about Yoweri Kaguta Museveni as the long serving African President of Uganda?

 

12 June, 2018

 

By a member of staff

 

 

What about the successive Minister of the Internal Affairs  who is  technically the IGP's immediate political boss?

 

How long did the Military General, Kale Kayihura, serve as Inspector General of the Uganda National Police? That is since 2005 or thereabout. Mr Museveni the President of Uganda re appointed him several times, and each time the  Parliament of Uganda vetted and approved him. So to hunt the man and interogate him or jail him is out of this world order.

 

If IGP Kale Kayihura is being arrested or intimidated because he failed to end boda boda murders and other violent crimes, so too did the Interior Ministers he served together with all the appointing authority.

 

 

 

 

 

OLUKIIKO LW’ABAZZUKULU BA BUGANDA

 

Bazzukulu b’Abakulu b’Obusolya bw'Ebika bya Buganda

 

The Council of the Grandchildren of Buganda

 

P.O. Box 5946, Kampala, Uganda

Mob: 0712-845736, 0712-810415

 

 

                                                                                   

Re-Produced 22 April, 2018

 

Katikkiro we Buganda,

Ow’ek. C.P. Mayiga

Bulange- Mengo

KAMPALA

 

 

Ssebo  Ow’ekitiibwa Mayiga,

 

ENSONGA: OKULUNGAMYA EBIKWATA KU FEDERO

Sebo Katikkiro, tusaba otukkirize tuyite mu ggwe okunnyonnyola obuganda kalonda akwata ku Federo emaze emyaka nga etawaanya ebirowoozo by’Obuganda.

 

Twagala tulage Endowooza ya feredo engeri gye tateekebwa mu birowoozo by’Abaganda n’ekyagiteekesaamu. Tulage ekiseera w’eyogererwako, tulage engeri gyeteekebwawo, Esabibwa busabibwa oba Egabibwa bugabibwa?, tulage by’eteekawo  n’Enkizo z’erina ku nfuga Endala.

 

Ebyafaayo:  Obuganda bwe bwamala okulaba ng’Omuzungu yalina Ekigendererwa eky’okugattika Buganda mu Mawanga amalala  olw’okutondawo Omugattiko gwa Uganda eyo mu myaka gy’ana (40), Obuganda  ekyo bwakigaanira dala nga bulengedde Ag’azibu agaali gajja okuva mu mugattiko guno.

 

Agazibu kati ge tutubiddemu bajjajjaffe baagalengera nga sigannateekebwawo era ne bagezaako bwezizingirire okugagema n’okugaziyiza!!

 

Olutalo lw’okugagema lwazuzumba nnyo nyo ng’Obuganda bugamba Omungereza Endagaano Buganda ze yakola naye zikomezebwe, Buganda yeefuge ereme okulinda okuteekebwawo kwa Uganda n’okugattikibwa mu Uganda.

 

Ekya Buganda okukomya Endagaano Omungereza kyamuwunyira ziizi kubanga kyali kisaabulula Ekigendererwa kye eky’okutondawo Uganda asigale ng’atufugiramu Obuddu ng’asinziira ewaabwe, nga kati bwe kiri!!! Obuganda  bwalaba Omuzungu abutwaliriza mpola abutuuse ku saawa eyokutondawo Uganda ku ntandikwa y’emyaka gy’enkaaga (60), mu October wa 1959, Obuganda bwalangirira Okukomezebwa kw’Endagaano z’Omungereza wamu n’okwefuga kwa Buganda.

 

Okulangirira kwa Buganda Omugereza kwamutuuza obufoofoto nga talaba ngeri gy’ayinza kukumenyawo oba okukumenyesaawo Buganda. Ekyo kyekyamutumisa wano Lord Munster, wabula naye natafuna kigendererwa kyamutumya kubanga Obuganda bwagaana okwogera naye okuva  lwe  bwali bumaze okulangirira  okwefuga kwa Buganda.

 

Olw’okubanga mu kiseera ekyo Obuganda bwali butandise okuteeka obwesige bwabwo obusinga obungi mu Buyigirize ne mu Bayigirize. Omuzungu mu Bayigirize mwe yayita Obuganda okubusuuzaawo Okwefuga kwa Buganda!!!

 

Enfuga ya FEDERO Omuzungu yagiwa Abayigirize ba Buganda abaalimba Obuganda, mu bugenderevu oba mu butamanya, nti Enfuga ya Federo yali efaanana era nga yenkanira ddala okwefuga Buganda kwe yali erangiridde !!! Okwo Abayigirize baagattako nti naye Federo “Enkizo” gye yalina kwe kuba nti yali esobozesa Buganda okwefugira mu Uganda mbu ekyali kijja okufuula Kabaka wa Buganda owa Uganda yonna!!!

Obuganda kino bwe bwakitunuulira nga kyali kijja kubuyamba okuggyawo Okutiisatiisa kwa Bungereza ku Buganda olw’okulangirira Okwefuga ate Kabaka wa Buganda kimufuule owa Uganda yonna, mangu ago, bwefukulula ne begenda ewa Gavana  bumugambe nti “ bwali buyinza okukkiriza okwefugira mu Uganda singa Gavana akkiriza Buganda okufuna Federo, ng’Obuganda  sibumanyi nti Gavana yennyini ye yali awadde Abayigirize Abaganda ekya Federo bagende bakisimbe mu birwowoozo  by’Abaganda!!!

 

Bw’etyo Federo bwe yaleetebwa mu Buganda era eky’okusuuzaawo Abaganda  okwefuga kwe baali balangiridde kye kyagireesa!!! Kinakuwaza nyo  okulaba n’okuwulira ng’Abaganda, na buli kati, bakyalowooza n’okukkiriza nti bwe bafuna Federo baba bafunye ekyenkana  Okwefuga, kubanga Federo eba ejja kubawa Obuyinza obwefuga n’okweramula, ebawe Eddembe ery’okwesalirawo ku bintu byabwe n’obuwangwa bwabwe!!!

 

Twogera di ku Federo:  Embeera eri emu yokka gye twogereramu ku Federo. Amawanga amatuufu nga buli limu lirina Obuyinza bwalyo obufuga n’obulamula, nga buli limu lirina ebyalyo, ng’ettaka(territory) , eby’obugagga byalyo era nga buli limu lirina Eddembe lyalyo erijjuvu ery’okwesalirawo,Amawanga ago bwe gasalawo okutondawo Ensi eyawamu, nga bwe gwali ku Uganda mu 1962, amawanga ago Ensi ey’awamu Gagisondera eby’okugiteekawo n’okugiyimirizaawo, nga gatoola ku byago. Eggwanga erisalawo okwesigaliza obuyinza obufuga n’obulamula obusinga obungi ne lyesigalaiza ebyalyo n’eddembe lyalyo ery’okwesalirawo n’obuwangwa ebisinga obungi, eryo Eggwanga liba lyewadde Fedro mu nsi ey’awamu etondeddwawo Eggwanga lino olw’eddembe lyalyo eryu’okwesalirawo, bwe liba lisondera Ensi ey’awamu teriba na gwe liteesa naye alikkirize okuleeta kye lireese. Bwe wabeerawo agezaako okuligaana kye lisazeewo okusonda, awo Ensonga ligivaamu buvi ne liddayo ewaalyo .

 

Bino bye tuyiga mu kitundu kino:

 

  1. Federo ssi basabansabe era ssi bagabangabe, wabula beewa neewe.

 

  1. Federo Obuyinza obufuga n’obulamula, obwannannyini ku bintu n’Eddembe ly’okwesalirawo bye bizaala era bye biteekawo Federo.

 

  1. Federo tesobola n’akatono kuzaala oba kuteekawo Buyinza bufuga, bulamula, tezaala bintu bya gwanga wamu n’Eddembe lyokwesalirawo, nga’abaganda abangi bwe basuubira ebyo bye bigizaala era bye bigiteekawo, omwana tasobola kuzaala amuzaala.
  2. Atalina Buyinza bufuga na bulamula, atalina bibye ng’ettaka n’ebirala atalina Dembe lya kwesalirawo oyo aba talina bisaanizo bya kwogera na kusuubira Federo.

 

  1. Bwolaba nga buli lwoyogera ku Federo owalirizibwa okugisaba obusabi, kimanye nti Ebisanizo oba tobirina. Bw’oba nga muli owulira wettanira nnyo okubeera ne federo, sooka olowooze ku ngeri gyoyinza okufunamu Ebisaanizo nga bw’onoomala okubifuna olyoke olowooze ku federo.

 

 

Wano twagala okukikkaatiriza nti Federo atalina Buyinza bufuga na bulamula era atalina bibye na Dembe lijjuvu lya kwesalirawo  yo federo tesobola n’akatono, kubimuwa kubanga byo bye bizaala Federo era bye bigimuwa. N’olwekyo, Federo terina w’efaananira na kwenkana Kwefuga, nga Gavana bwe yalimba Abaganda mu 1961. Kye kyava kiba nti 9th October 1962 bwe lwatuuka,  twagenda e Kololo tubeerewo Kabaka Muteesa II ngafuuka Kabaka wa Uganda yonna!!! Kyatubuukako bwe twalaba nga Muteesa yeesimbyewo butengerere, ng’omujulizi, nga Milton Obote akwasibwa “Obuyinza” bwa Uganda !!! E Kololo twavaayo tutolotooma!!!

 

 

Tusanidde okukitegeera nga bwe tulabye wagguli, nti Federo tekuba kwefuga wabula kika kya Bufuge, kati obutukaabya  akagiigiiri. Buganda bw’erya e kibanja mu Uganda ekiyitibwa federo, kino kitegeeza nti waggulu wa Buganda wabeerayo Uganda. Ate waggulu wa kabaka wabeerayo  pulezidenti . Buno buba bufuge bwennyini!!!

 

Federo  Buganda gye yafuna mu 1962 yali ewa Buganda  Ekitongole kya poliisi n’Ekiramuzi ebijjuvu. Mu 1963 Buganda yatandika okuzimba police posts zaayo e Nateete, e Kalungu n’e Kayunga. Wakati mu kuzimba police posts zaayo, gavumenti ya Uganda yalagira Buganda eleker’awo okuzizimba era, wakati mu kuba nti Bwino yali awa Buganda  ebbeetu okuzizimba, Buganda ssi yaddayo kuzizimbako wadde etoffaali erimu (1) n’okutuusa kati, anti “Akunsinga akukubisa gw’okutte. “ Kino tukiggyeyo okulaga Obufuge obuli mu Federo!!

 

Ebyo byonna nga bikyali awo, wakati mu kuba nga gavumenti ya Uganda n’amateeka gaayo ssi bamanyi era ssi bakkiriza nti Eggwanga Buganda n’Obwakabaka bwalyo weebiri era n’ENDAGAANO Buganda mwe yayingirira mu BUDDU bwa Uganda  nga yamenyebwawo mu 1966, kati oluyimba lwa federo lwe tukooloobya lulina mugasoki, lulina makuluki     era luyinza kutuwaaki???!!!

 

Kyetaagisa nyo nyo Abaganda TULEKER’AWO okusambagalanga obusambagazi mu nsonga za Nyaffe Buganda. Tuteekwa okusooka okumira, tuve ku nyimba era tusengeke ensonga za Buganda tumanye ebisooka n’ebikomererayo.

 

Sebo Katikkiro Mayiga tukwebaza nnyo okutukkiriza tuyite mu ggwe okulungamya Ensonga  ya Federo.

 

 

Jjunju- Kamulali

(Sentebe)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II has urged Ugandans to write more books to help people better understand the history of Buganda kingdom.

He said this on Wednesday at Bulange, Mengo during the official launch of The Brave King, a 279-page book that chronicles the life of Ssekabaka Edward Muteesa II. The Brave King costs Shs 50,000 and was written by Patrick FK Makumbi.

“God has blessed us that we still have witnesses to the entire events that unfolded then. We applaud the author and I was very happy to write the foreword of the book,” Kabaka Mutebi said, amid cheers to his short speech.

In the book’s foreword, Kabaka Mutebi writes: “The Lukiiko establishment got outmaneuvered by selfish opportunists who eventually plunged the whole country into a bloody crisis. This has now been put into perspective in this book.”

He added that the ‘many lies’ that have been told about the 1966 crisis that later saw the death of Muteesa II in 1969 have been laid bare in the records found in Makumbi’s book.


Kabaka Mutebi II (C) with author Patrick Makumbi
(R) and Dr Collin Sentongo, the chairman of the book
publication panel

According to the kabaka, many readers will, for the first time, be learning that the overthrow of the independence constitution was not so much about political reforms but an escape measure for criminal suspects who were about to be cornered by the institutions of justice.

“Makumbi has given us his valuable contribution and truth. There is no price that can be attached to this truth, after two to three generations that have been made to believe lies for so long,” Kabaka Mutebi further notes.

Makumbi, 69, said he compiled the book using records meticulously kept by his father Thomas AK Makumbi, 99. Makumbi Senior was part of the group that was dispatched from Mengo to London to fight for Muteesa II’s freedom in the Whitehall corridors and diplomatic trenches between 1953 and 1955.

On this mission, Makumbi kept records of newspaper cuttings (especially The Times, The Observer and East African Mail) which contained correspondences between the delegation, colonial administrators, and telegrams that were exchanged between the Kabaka and Mengo Lukiiko.

The two have used the cuttings and other records to chronicle events, which led to Muteesa’s exiling twice in the UK as a result of the formation of the ‘modern’ state of Uganda, particularly towards, and after independence.

Muteesa was first exiled to England between 1953 and 1955 by then governor Sir Andrew Cohen after they disagreed on some policy and principles. His second exile came in 1966 and he died in 1969.

WHAT OTHERS SAY

Charles Peter Mayiga, Katikkiro of Buganda: As the adage goes, history is written by the victor. That is why much of what has been written about the abolition of the kingdom is skewed in favour of those who have little respect for the rule of law and constitutionalism. And in ‘The Brave King” I believe readers will have the opportunity to learn about what has been hidden for so long.

Jehoash Mayanja-Nkangi, former Katikkiro of Buganda:

“Although complete restitution and reparations for the injustices inflicted against Buganda are not possible, putting the record straight is very important as it helps everybody understand why the basics of self-governance still elude many an African country.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Makumbi studied at King’s College Budo before joining Makerere University where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1971. Makumbi, who has worked in a number of notable private and public offices, is now retired and running his private businesses.

Ssekabaka Muteesa II was Makumbi Junior’s godfather at Namirembe cathedral in 1947. Meanwhile, Makumbi’s father was a contemporary of Muteesa II at King’s College Budo.

nangonzi@observer.ug

 

‘Dr Obote yayigiriza Abaganda ettima’

By Lawrence Kitatta

Added 25th April 2016

 

AMAGYE ga Obote okulumba Olubiri nga May 24, 1966 kyakosa nnyo Abaganda kuba mu budde obwo Kabaka ye yali entabiro y’ensi Buganda.

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Msgr Kimbowa

 

AMAGYE ga Obote okulumba Olubiri nga May 24, 1966 kyakosa nnyo Abaganda kuba mu budde obwo Kabaka ye yali entabiro y’ensi Buganda.

Wabula ng’ekikangabwa kino tekinnabaawo, Obwakabaka bwali buludde nga butaataaganyizibwa ng’etandikwa ya bino yali mu kumuwangangusa okumala emyaka esatu mu 1952.

Msgr. Charles Kimbowa Mussankumbi agamba nti Uganda bwe yafuna obwetwaze mu 1962, kyakola bubi mu 1963 Ssekabaka Muteesa II okufuulibwa Pulezidenti w’eggwanga atalina buyinza. Bwonna bwali mu mikolo gya Katikkiro Milton Obote.

“Waaliwo okusoomoozebwa okw’amaanyi mu Buganda nga buli omu ayagala okulaga amaanyi wakati wa Sir Edward Muteesa II ne Obote. Kino Kyawaliriza ne Ssaabasumba Joseph Kiwanuka okwogera ebigambo ebyalabibwa ng’okulagula nti, ‘Bwe ndiba nfudde, buli abadde mu kkobaane ly’okubonyaabyonya Sir Edward Muteesa ηηenda kumuloopa ewa Katonda!’

Ssaabasumba yafa nga February 22 1966. Era Obote bwe yakwata baminisita abataano n’abasibira e Luzira nga waakayita omwezi gumu gwokka nga Ssaabasumba Kiwanuka afudde, abantu ne bagamba nti ebigambo bye kirabika bitandise okutuukirira.

Kale okulumba Olubiri nga May 24, tekyewuunyisa nnyo kuba embeera yali ejja eyonooneka nga kirabwa n’ayonka. Okutoloka mu Lubiri e Mengo, Kabaka yayita mu mulyango oguli ku luguudo ludda e Masaka mu Ndeeba.

Yatuukira ku Lutikko e Lubaga, bafaaza baba bali awo nga balaba Muteesa agguse n’abamu ku basajja be n’abasaba okumukuumako. Bwanamukulu Msgr. Bonoventula bwe baamuwa amawulire nti Kabaka ali mu Lutikko teyasooka kukkiriza era yamala kumulabako! Olwo nga bafaaza emmundu bagiwulira bw’eseka mu Lubiri!

Lwe baalumba Olubiri nnali nsomesa Kisubi. Nzijukira twatereka akawunga n’ebijanjaalo n’ebikozesebwa ebirala kuba embeera olw’okuba yali ya bunkenke nga kizibu okubifuna. Obuganda bwalwawo okumanya nti Kabaka yali adduse, baali balowooza nti yali attiddwa naye bwe baawulira nti yali ali Bungereza ne baddamu essuubi n’amaanyi era bangi baagambanga nti kasita akyali mulamu.

Wabula waaliwo okutya okw’amaanyi mu Buganda. Abaganda ab’amaanyi bangi baatya okulambula Ssaabasajja gye yali addukidde e Bungereza nga balowooza nti n’e Bungereza Obote yali akettayo!

Naye Kalidinaali Emmanuel Nsubuga yagendayo n’amulambula era ne Muteesa kyamusanyusa nnyo. Nga buli muntu ali ku lulwe, naye ekyaddamu okugatta abantu kwali kujja kwa Paapa mu 1969.

ENKUZA Y’ABAANA

Msgr Kimbowa agamba nti okulumba Olubiri kwakyusa ebintu bingi mu Buganda. “Ekisooka abaana baakuzibwa mu Buganda nga bakimanyi nti okuba omuserikale kibi era abaana b’Abaganda baalwawo okuyingira mu ‘Obote yayigiriza Abaganda ettima’ buserikale.

Abaana baatandika n’okuzannya emizannyo gy’emmundu kuba abaserikale baayiika mu Buganda nga buli w’odda eriiso olikuba ku muserika ate nga n’obutemu bw’emmundu bungi. Abazadde battibwa bangi nga n’abaana baabwe balaba ekyaleetera abaana bangi okufa emitima.

Kyassaawo obukyayi, omutima Abaganda gwe baakulizangamu abaana baabwe nga balina okwagala n’okwaniriza buli ajja kwaggwaawo kuba baali bamaze okulaba Obote bw’akaabizza Abaganda ate ng’Abaganda bennyini be baali baamusembeza.

Bingi ebyassibwangamu ekitiibwa byatandika okuggwaawo, ennyambala y’Ekiganda ebiseera ebyo n’etandika okudibizibwa era ng’Abaganda batya okweyita Abaganda kuba basajja ba Obote baali boogeza maanyi!

Eyaliyo mu Lubiri nga lulumbibwa oba eyali mu Kampala kuba essimu 0752628931 otuwe emboozi yo.

 

Nb

Obote yalanga Republic ya Uganda 1966. Amin. nabalala era ne M7 nga abaana ba Obote gyebaliko gyebakuuma nakati emyaka 50.

Ono Father Omukatoliki alabika tamanyi Repulic gyeyatandiikira. Yatandiikira mu France Abakatoliki Abatuuze nga betamiddwa obwaavu nebalumba olubiri lwa Kabaka Wobwakabaka bwe bu France.

Nebamutema ko Omutwe.

 

 

 

OBOTE AND UPC PLAN A MILITARY COUP AGAINST THE KINGDOM OF THE STATE OF BUGANDA

 

The Chairman of the Uganda Peoples Congress political party watches Mutesa II as he attends to the country's International Visitors:

 

 

Obote and UPC group watch Buganda State 1962

     celebrating its independence of 08/10/1962                                Muteesa II with His military force in celebrations                                                                                                                                                                                      

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kabaka's Palace under occupation 1966                                      Buganda under emergency military rule 1966
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Okuviira ddala mu 1962, Uganda lwe yefuga nga Buganda egatiddwa ku Uganda mu ngeri ya FEDERO, GAVUMENTI ZOMBI ZATANDIKIRAWO OBUTAKKIRIZIGANYA, okusinga mu ntegeera y’amakulu g’ebigambo nga bwe byali mu Constitution eyaleeta okwefuga eya 1962.

 

Aba Buganda baakayana nnyo okusinga ku bigambo by’ensimbi (grants) gavumenti ya Uganda ze yali eteekwa okuddiza Buganda nga bwekyali mu ndagaano. Era n’ekya polisi nakyo kkyaleeta obutategeeragana nga Buganda yebuuza lwaki police post y’e Kibuye n’e Kawempe tezaweebwa Gavumenti ya Buganda ate nga Buganda yakkirizibwa okuba ne polisi eyaayo.

 

Mu September 1964, omukago gwa KY ne UPC lwe gwayabulukukira ddala ne gufa. Ate mu November Batalingaya ne banne abalala 5 aba DP, baasala eddiiro ne beegatta ku UPC. Basil K Batalingaya, oluvannyma eyalya Obwaminista w’Ensonga Ez’omunda amale asibe ennyo abantu mu mateeka ag’akabenje, mu kiseera ekyo ye yali omukulembeze w’oludda oluvuganya Gavumenti.

 

Bya Eriabu Lwebuga, omukubi wa pokopoko ow’abavubuka be kibiina ky’obufuzi ekya Buganda.

 

Olukiiko lwa Buganda wamu ne Governmenti ya Kabaka be bateekwa okuvunaanyizibwa olw’okufiirwa amasaza ga Buganda ago abiri, Buyaga ne Bugangazzi. Buganda kye yavudde ewangulwa mu kukuba obululu lwa kuba Gavumenti n’abakiise b’Olukiiko ekyo baakigayaalirira. Singa baali bataddeyo omwoyo ku ebyo abavubuka ba KY bye baabagambanga, amasaza ago Buganda yandibadde egasigazza.

 

Era oluvanyuma ebizibu ebyo ebyomudinggannwa munsi ya Buganda byatandiika okuzibuwalira ennyo Abaganda.

 

 

1) ABAGANDA BATTIBWA AWO E NAKULABYE.

 

 

2) ABAYIZI B'EKASUBI BAFIIRA MU KABENJE KA LORRY Y'AMAGGYE.

 

 

3) GOVERNMENTI YA KINTU EREKULIRA

 

 

4) MAYANJA NKANGI AKWASIBWA DDAMULA.

 

 

   

 

 

5) EKYOMBO KYA BUGANDA KUMWAALO GWA MOMBASA, KENYA.

 

 

                                                   B:I   SS  UGANDA (1952-1986)

Buganda although land locked had an ocean going vessel until it was sold off just after

                       1986. Same as Buganda Airlines well known as Uganda Airlines.

 

 

   Obote welcomes Pope Paul VI in 31/07/1969 after destroying the Kingdom of Buganda 24/05/1966.

 

        Uganda's president  Milton Obote, and his family pose with the visiting pontiff 01/08/1969.

In the meantime The King of Buganda was in exile, stranded and penniless in the UK.

It is 3 more months after this celebration that King Muteesa was poisoned 22 November 1969 and died.

 

 

       The leader of the opposition (DP) celebrates with the (UPC) Prime Minister of Uganda for the

                     Successful Military Attack on the Palace of King Muteesa II of Buganda 25 May 1966.

 

 

 

May 27, 1980. Former President Milton Obote returned to Uganda after nine years of exile in Tanzania. He landed in Bushenyi amidst ululations from Uganda Peoples’ Congress (UPC) party supporters.

 

 

 

                                  Ssekabaka Muteesa II Agyemu Omukono Mu Ngabo 1969.

 

                              The return of Muteesa II remains to His Mother Land

 

                                               A very sad return to  the Mother Land

 

By returning the remains of King Muteesa II to the Mother Land, Idi Amin after removing Obote from Power

                          Gained political capital and ruled the country of Uganda as a Life President.

 

 

Buganda kingdom, presidential advisor John Nagenda and the sellers of Usafi market are among the eye-catching beneficiaries of this year’s supplementary budget of Shs 847.2bn.

A breakdown of the supplementary request by the finance minister shows that Shs 11.9bn is development expenditure, while Shs 728.1bn is recurrent expenditure.

Among the highlights, the Electoral Commission wants Shs 20bn for a voter verification and identification system to be used at the polling stations during the 2016 general elections.

The Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs wants Shs 9.7bn to, among other things, pay Shs 2bn in “Compensation to His highness the Kabaka of Buganda for Kigo prison land” and Shs 2bn, as “compensation to Boniface Byanyima.” 

PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

The Office of the President with an approved budget of Shs 81.8bn, wants an extra Shs 16.1bn. In the breakdown, the President’s office will spend Shs 6.335bn to “clear the accumulated verified arrears under the ministry of security.”

And Shs 2.5bn would be used to facilitate “RDCs and their deputies to monitor government projects.”

And the Shs 6.5bn classified expenditure, would be spent on facilitating “ISO [Internal Security Organisation] operations. State House will also use about Shs 171m to pay for the “treatment of the senior presidential advisor on media and public relations [John Nagenda].”

In a telephone interview with The Observer on March 10, Hajji Yunusu Kakande, the under secretary in President’s Office said: “That money was used to treat Honourable [John] Nagenda who got an abrupt sickness last year.”

Interviewed for a comment yesterday, Nagenda confirmed receiving the funds.

“I don’t know what that Shs 171m comes to in pounds; in fact, it doesn’t settle the whole bill that was involved,” Nagenda said, adding: “But what I know is that they [President’s office] promised to pay all my bills and I am sure they paid for most of it.”

“I am grateful to the President’s office for having paid my bills, but I have worked there for 18 years now, I think it’s worth it.”

BUGANDA
Denis Walusimbi Ssengendo, the Buganda kingdom spokesman, welcomed the Shs 2bn government compensation for Kigo prison.

“It’s known that Buganda has been demanding money from government; if they [government] are going to pay our rent arrears, it’s very welcome,” he said by telephone yesterday.

MINISTRY OF DEFENCE

With its Shs 750.6bn budget, Defense wants an extra Shs 62bn.

Shs 30bn would be spent on welfare and entertainment, Shs 2bn on fuel, lubricants and oils, whereas Shs 22bn is classified expenditure.
The air force will use Shs 8bn on fuel, lubricants and oils.

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

On top of its approved Shs 19.2bn budget, the ministry of Foreign Affairs wants an extra Shs 2.7bn. About Shs 905m will be used “for headquarter support to UN General Assembly Presidency, Shs 614m for US congressional caucus and Shs 1.1bn for hosting the 8th northern corridor Integration Project summit.”

The balance will be spent as follows;

Contributions to international organisations (Shs 614m)
Hire of venue (chairs, projector, etc. Shs 517m)

Transfers to other government units (Shs 193m)
Fuel, lubricants and oils (Shs140.8m)
Carriage, haulage, freight and transport hire (Shs 59m)

Allowances (Shs  156.4m)
Maintenance of vehicles (Shs 23.5m)
Printing, stationery, photocopying and binding (Shs 12.3m)

Information and communications technology (ICT) (Shs 1.5m)
Travel abroad (Shs 33.9m)
Multilateral Organisations and Treaties

Allowances (Shs 164.7m)
Welfare and entertainment (Shs 12.3m)
Travel abroad (Shs 572.1m)
Telecommunications (Shs 10.9m)

Printing, stationery, photocopying and binding (Shs 6.4m)
Fuel, lubricants and oils (Shs 88.7m)

Information and communications technology (ICT) (Shs 6.4m)
Advertising and Public relations (Shs 5.4m)
Computer supplies and information technology (IT) (Shs 40m)

MINISTRY OF JUSTICE

The ministry wants an extra Shs 9.7bn.
Shs 1.2bn will be spent on “facilitating the ministry in order to effectively defend government.

Another Shs 4.1bn would be used to “facilitate the ministry in the case between GoU and DRC in the International Criminal Court of Justice and Shs 0.4bn for payment of legal fees for the external lawyer engaged in the case between H.E the President and Dr Mashate.”

Other funds would be spent on;

Allowances (Shs 550m)
Information and communications technology (ICT) (Shs 75m)
Consultancy services-short term (414.8m)

Travel inland (Shs 1.4bn)
Travel abroad (Shs 1.2bn)
Fuel, lubricants and oils (Shs 500m)
Maintenance of vehicles (Shs 100m)

Contributions to international organisations (Shs 400m)
Printing, stationery and binding (Shs 800m)
[building] Headquarters (Shs 337.4m)

Compensation to third parties (Shs 4bn)
Compensation to His highness the Kabaka of Buganda for Kigo prison land (Shs 2bn)
Compensation  to Boniface Byanyima (Shs 2bn)

MINISTRY OF FINANCE

Finance wants Shs 9bn over and above its approved Shs 87.1bn budget.

Shs 4.5bn will cater for institutions created in the course of the financial year which include; Financial Intelligence Authority and PPDA appeals tribunal.

Another  Shs 4.5bn would fund IFMS service level contracts, finalisation of budget process and outstanding payment on the automation of output budgeting tool.

EDUCATION AND SPORTS

The ministry wants an extra Shs 10.2bn to spend on secondary education and costs of the Uganda National Examinations Board (UNEB) [to] process examinations.

EAST AFRICAN AFFAIRS

The ministry needs Shs 2.1bn to cater for the “shortfalls on the contribution to Inter-University Council for East Africa and Lake Victoria Fisheries Organisation, which were transferred to MEACA from MoES and MAAIF.”

MAKERERE UNIVERSITY

Makerere wants Shs 2.6bn. About Shs 2.4bn will be used to “accommodate foregone fees resulting from HE the President’s directive not to increase tuition fees” and Shs 250m would be spent on the “treatment of Dr Peter Ongom.”

Other supplementary beneficiaries include; Uganda prisons (Shs 11bn), Uganda Cotton Development Organisation (Shs 10bn), various missions abroad (Shs 6.2bn).

Twelve entities requested funds under the development supplementary expenditure.

These include; ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs (Shs 7bn), Ministry of Education and Sports (Shs 23.9bn) for “emergency construction of 26 primary schools devastated by heavy rains in Kamuli districts” and ministry of local governments, which requires Shs 1.4bn.

The ministry of Works and Transport needs Shs 1bn, Kampala Capital City Authority seeks Shs 7bn to partially pay for the purchase of USAFI market, and ministry of finance wants Shs 23.9bn to facilitate a host of activities under FINMAP III project.

walusimbideo@gmail.com

 

 

'Girls are raped, young boys are abducted and towns are torched' as South Sudan battle rages, on the African continent.

A file picture taken in Ganyiel village of Panyijar County of Unity State on March 21, 2015 shows

Internally displaced children. Over 300,000 South Sudanese civilians are without "life saving aid"

in the northern battleground state of Unity, the United Nations said on May 11, 2015, as UN and

aid agencies pulled out due to heavy fighting.

 

AFP PHOTO

By Agencies

Posted  Tuesday, May 12  2015
 

Gunmen in South Sudan have raped girls, seized boys to become soldiers and torched towns in some of the heaviest fighting seen in the 17-month-long civil war, the United Nations said Tuesday.

Over 300,000 civilians have been left without "life-saving aid" in the northern battleground state of Unity, after the UN and aid agencies pulled out due to a surge in fighting, with over 100,000 forced to flee their homes.

The UN peacekeeping mission said it was "increasingly concerned" about reports from Guit and Koch counties in Unity state of "towns and villages being burned, killings, abductions of males as young as 10 years of age, rape and abduction of girls and women, and the forced displacement of civilians."

The violence is some of the worst in months, as government forces push south from the state capital Bentiu into an opposition zone around the town of Leer, home to some of the country's once lucrative oil fields.

The International Committee of the Red Cross has also withdrawn staff from Leer and warned that escalating fighting between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar was forcing thousands of civilians to flee for their lives yet again.

Unity state governor Joseph Monytuil told reporters late Monday that government troops aimed to take Leer from opposition forces within days. "Our forces... are now pursuing them to where they came from," said Monytuil.

Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said Saturday it was forced to evacuate its foreign staff from Leer and halt all medical services amid fears the rebel-held town was about to come under "imminent attack" from government forces.

'Man-made crisis'

Leer, the birthplace of Machar, was ransacked by government forces in January 2014. Gunmen looted the MSF hospital and burned some of the buildings.

MSF has since rebuilt the hospital, the only referral facility in opposition areas.

South Sudan's civil war began in December 2013 and has been characterised by ethnically-driven massacres, rape and attacks on civilians and medical facilities.

Peace talks in neighbouring Ethiopia have so far failed to reach any lasting agreement, or even an effective ceasefire.

The violence, which has escalated into an ethnic conflict involving multiple armed groups, has killed tens of thousands of people in the world's youngest nation, which gained independence from Sudan in 2011.

It has also left over half of the country's 12 million people in need of aid, with 2.5 million people facing severe food insecurity, according to the UN.

The European Union late Monday condemned the fighting, saying that "South Sudan's man-made crisis has caused one of the worst humanitarian disasters of recent years."